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Title: A mechanically driven form of Kirigami as a route to 3D mesostructures in micro/nanomembranes

Abstract

Assembly of 3D micro/nanostructures in advanced functional materials has important implications across broad areas of technology. Existing approaches are compatible, however, only with narrow classes of materials and/or 3D geometries. This article introduces ideas for a form of Kirigami that allows precise, mechanically driven assembly of 3D mesostructures of diverse materials from 2D micro/nanomembranes with strategically designed geometries and patterns of cuts. Theoretical and experimental studies demonstrate applicability of the methods across length scales from macro to nano, in materials ranging from monocrystalline silicon to plastic, with levels of topographical complexity that significantly exceed those that can be achieved using other approaches. A broad set of examples includes 3D silicon mesostructures and hybrid nanomembrane-nanoribbon systems, including heterogeneous combinations with polymers and metals, with critical dimensions that range from 100 nm to 30 mm. Lastly, a 3D mechanically tunable optical transmission window provides an application example of this Kirigami process, enabled by theoretically guided design.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [5];  [4];  [3] more »;  [2] « less
  1. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (People's Republic of China)
  2. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States)
  3. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
  4. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States); Zhejiang Univ., Hangzhou (People's Republic of China)
  5. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States); Tongji Univ., Shanghai (People's Republic of China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1348412
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-07ER46471; CMMI-1400169
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 112; Journal Issue: 38; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Kirigami; buckling; membranes; three-dimensional assembly

Citation Formats

Zhang, Yihui, Yan, Zheng, Nan, Kewang, Xiao, Dongqing, Liu, Yuhao, Luan, Haiwen, Fu, Haoran, Wang, Xizhu, Yang, Qinglin, Wang, Jiechen, Ren, Wen, Si, Hongzhi, Liu, Fei, Yang, Lihen, Li, Hejun, Wang, Juntong, Guo, Xuelin, Luo, Hongying, Wang, Liang, Huang, Yonggang, and Rogers, John A. A mechanically driven form of Kirigami as a route to 3D mesostructures in micro/nanomembranes. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1515602112.
Zhang, Yihui, Yan, Zheng, Nan, Kewang, Xiao, Dongqing, Liu, Yuhao, Luan, Haiwen, Fu, Haoran, Wang, Xizhu, Yang, Qinglin, Wang, Jiechen, Ren, Wen, Si, Hongzhi, Liu, Fei, Yang, Lihen, Li, Hejun, Wang, Juntong, Guo, Xuelin, Luo, Hongying, Wang, Liang, Huang, Yonggang, & Rogers, John A. A mechanically driven form of Kirigami as a route to 3D mesostructures in micro/nanomembranes. United States. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1515602112
Zhang, Yihui, Yan, Zheng, Nan, Kewang, Xiao, Dongqing, Liu, Yuhao, Luan, Haiwen, Fu, Haoran, Wang, Xizhu, Yang, Qinglin, Wang, Jiechen, Ren, Wen, Si, Hongzhi, Liu, Fei, Yang, Lihen, Li, Hejun, Wang, Juntong, Guo, Xuelin, Luo, Hongying, Wang, Liang, Huang, Yonggang, and Rogers, John A. Tue . "A mechanically driven form of Kirigami as a route to 3D mesostructures in micro/nanomembranes". United States. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1515602112. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1348412.
@article{osti_1348412,
title = {A mechanically driven form of Kirigami as a route to 3D mesostructures in micro/nanomembranes},
author = {Zhang, Yihui and Yan, Zheng and Nan, Kewang and Xiao, Dongqing and Liu, Yuhao and Luan, Haiwen and Fu, Haoran and Wang, Xizhu and Yang, Qinglin and Wang, Jiechen and Ren, Wen and Si, Hongzhi and Liu, Fei and Yang, Lihen and Li, Hejun and Wang, Juntong and Guo, Xuelin and Luo, Hongying and Wang, Liang and Huang, Yonggang and Rogers, John A.},
abstractNote = {Assembly of 3D micro/nanostructures in advanced functional materials has important implications across broad areas of technology. Existing approaches are compatible, however, only with narrow classes of materials and/or 3D geometries. This article introduces ideas for a form of Kirigami that allows precise, mechanically driven assembly of 3D mesostructures of diverse materials from 2D micro/nanomembranes with strategically designed geometries and patterns of cuts. Theoretical and experimental studies demonstrate applicability of the methods across length scales from macro to nano, in materials ranging from monocrystalline silicon to plastic, with levels of topographical complexity that significantly exceed those that can be achieved using other approaches. A broad set of examples includes 3D silicon mesostructures and hybrid nanomembrane-nanoribbon systems, including heterogeneous combinations with polymers and metals, with critical dimensions that range from 100 nm to 30 mm. Lastly, a 3D mechanically tunable optical transmission window provides an application example of this Kirigami process, enabled by theoretically guided design.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1515602112},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = 38,
volume = 112,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {9}
}

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journal, September 2018


Thin Hydrogel–Elastomer Multilayer Encapsulation for Soft Electronics
journal, June 2019

  • Macron, Jennifer; Gerratt, Aaron P.; Lacour, Stéphanie P.
  • Advanced Materials Technologies, Vol. 4, Issue 7
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Origami silicon optoelectronics for hemispherical electronic eye systems
journal, November 2017


Three-dimensional curvy electronics created using conformal additive stamp printing
journal, September 2019


Dissolvable tattoo sensors: from science fiction to a viable technology
journal, November 2016


Localization in an idealized heterogeneous elastic sheet
journal, January 2017

  • Gurmessa, Bekele J.; Croll, Andrew B.
  • Soft Matter, Vol. 13, Issue 9
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Mechanically Guided Post‐Assembly of 3D Electronic Systems
journal, September 2018

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  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 28, Issue 48
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Cyber–Physiochemical Interfaces
journal, January 2020


Postbuckling analyses of frame mesostructures consisting of straight ribbons for mechanically guided three-dimensional assembly
journal, May 2019

  • Liu, Yuan; Xu, Zheng; Hwang, Keh-Chi
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Buckling and twisting of advanced materials into morphable 3D mesostructures.
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  • Zhao, Hangbo; Li, Kan; Han, Mengdi
  • Apollo - University of Cambridge Repository
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Bio-Inspired Active Skins for Surface Morphing
journal, December 2019


Micro arch-bridge structured surface fabricated by kirigami-on-elastomer approach for liquid-dependent iso/anisotropic wetting
journal, April 2017

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Bioinspired Actuators Based on Stimuli‐Responsive Polymers
journal, April 2019

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Stretchable Piezoelectric Sensing Systems for Self‐Powered and Wireless Health Monitoring
journal, February 2019

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Shape-morphing architected sheets with non-periodic cut patterns
journal, January 2018

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An analytic model of two-level compressive buckling with applications in the assembly of free-standing 3D mesostructures
journal, January 2018


Guided Formation of 3D Helical Mesostructures by Mechanical Buckling: Analytical Modeling and Experimental Validation
journal, February 2016

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Amorphous Silicon Self‐Rolling Micro Electromechanical Systems: From Residual Stress Control to Complex 3D Structures
journal, August 2019

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Analyses of mechanically-assembled 3D spiral mesostructures with applications as tunable inductors
journal, December 2018


3D electronic and photonic structures as active biological interfaces
journal, December 2019

  • Wang, Huachun; Sun, Pengcheng; Yin, Lan
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Controlled Mechanical Buckling for Origami-Inspired Construction of 3D Microstructures in Advanced Materials
journal, February 2016

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Controlled Mechanical Buckling for Origami-Inspired Construction of 3D Microstructures in Advanced Materials
journal, June 2017

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Transformable, Freestanding 3D Mesostructures Based on Transient Materials and Mechanical Interlocking
journal, February 2020

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Self-assembled three dimensional network designs for soft electronics.
journalarticle, January 2017

  • Jang, Kyung-In; Li, Kan; Chung, Ha Uk
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Sequential self-folding of polymer sheets
journal, March 2017


Reinventing Butyl Rubber for Stretchable Electronics
journal, May 2016

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Graphene Hybrid Structures for Integrated and Flexible Optoelectronics
journal, July 2019


A Generic Soft Encapsulation Strategy for Stretchable Electronics
journal, January 2019


Nonlinear mechanics of non-rigid origami: an efficient computational approach
journal, October 2017

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Exploiting Microstructural Instabilities in Solids and Structures: From Metamaterials to Structural Transitions
journal, September 2017

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Mechanics of Fractal-Inspired Horseshoe Microstructures for Applications in Stretchable Electronics
journal, September 2016

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Engineered Elastomer Substrates for Guided Assembly of Complex 3D Mesostructures by Spatially Nonuniform Compressive Buckling
journal, November 2016

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A Bezel-Less Tetrahedral Image Sensor Formed by Solvent-Assisted Plasticization and Transformation of an Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Framework
journal, June 2018

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Terahertz circular dichroism spectroscopy of biomaterials enabled by kirigami polarization modulators
journal, July 2019


Remotely Triggered Assembly of 3D Mesostructures Through Shape‐Memory Effects
journal, November 2019


Harnessing the interface mechanics of hard films and soft substrates for 3D assembly by controlled buckling
journal, July 2019

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Programmable active kirigami metasheets with more freedom of actuation
journal, December 2019

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Self-assembled three dimensional network designs for soft electronics
journal, June 2017

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Large deformation shape optimization of cut-mediated soft mechanical metamaterials
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Geometrically Enabled Soft Electroactuators via Laser Cutting
journal, August 2019

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Kirigami mechanics as stress relief by elastic charges
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Multi-step self-guided pathways for shape-changing metamaterials
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Thermal Release Transfer Printing for Stretchable Conformal Bioelectronics
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Nanoindentation on Monolayer MoS 2 Kirigami
journal, June 2019


Kirigami-inspired multiscale patterning of metallic structures via predefined nanotrench templates
journal, December 2019


Origami silicon optoelectronics for hemispherical electronic eye systems
journal, November 2017


Two-dimensional materials in functional three-dimensional architectures with applications in photodetection and imaging
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Programming temporal morphing of self-actuated shells
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Morphable 3D mesostructures and microelectronic devices by multistable buckling mechanics
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Bio-Inspired Active Skins for Surface Morphing
journal, December 2019


Three-dimensional mesostructures as high-temperature growth templates, electronic cellular scaffolds, and self-propelled microrobots
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Sequential self-folding of polymer sheets
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Real Time Analysis of Bioanalytes in Healthcare, Food, Zoology and Botany
journal, December 2017

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