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Title: Spectroscopic and Computational Studies of Spin States of Iron(IV) Nitrido and Imido Complexes

High-oxidation state metal complexes with multiply bonded ligands are of great interest for both their reactivity as well as their fundamental bonding properties. This paper reports a combined spectroscopic and theoretical investigation into the effect of the apical multiply bonded ligand on the spin state preferences of three-fold symmetric iron(IV) complexes with tris(carbene) donor ligands. Specifically, singlet (S = 0) nitrido [{PhB(Im R) 3}FeN], R = tBu (1), Mes (mesityl, 2) and the related triplet (S = 1) imido complexes, [{PhB(Im R) 3}Fe(NR')] +, R = Mes, R' = Ad (1- adamantyl, 3), tBu (4), have been investigated by electronic absorption and Mössbauer effect spectroscopies. For comparison, two other Fe(IV) nitrido complexes, [(TIMEN Ar)FeN] +, (TIMEN Ar = tris[2-(3-aryl-imidazol-2-ylidene)ethyl]amine; Ar = Xyl (xylyl), Mes), have been investigated by 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy, including applied-field measurements. The paramagnetic imido complexes 3 and 4 were also studied by magnetic susceptibility measurements (for 3) and paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy: high-frequency and -field electron paramagnetic resonance (HFEPR) (for 3 and 4) and frequency-domain Fouriertransform (FD-FT) THz EPR (for 3), which reveal their zero-field splitting (zfs) parameters. Experimentally correlated theoretical studies comprising ligand-field theory (LFT) and quantum chemical theory (QCT), the latter including both density functional theorymore » (DFT) and ab initio methods reveal the key role played by the Fe3 d z2 (a1) orbital in these systems: the nature of its interaction with the nitrido or imido ligand dictates the spin state preference of the complex. Lastly, the ability to tune the spin state through the energy and nature of a single orbital has general relevance to the factors controlling spin states in complexes with applicability as single molecule devices.« less
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Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-08ER15996; CHE04-43580; DMR-1351959; DMR 1157490; NE 2064/1-1 FOR
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Inorganic Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0020-1669
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: