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Title: Noble-metal-free bimetallic alloy nanoparticle-catalytic gasification of phenol in supercritical water

The exploration of non-noble-metal catalysts for high efficiency gasification of biomass in supercritical water (SCW) is of great significance for the sustainable development. A series of Ni–M (M = Co or Zn) bimetallic nanoparticles supported on graphitized carbon black were synthesized and examined as catalysts for gasification of phenol in SCW. We found that a nearly complete gasification of phenol can be achieved even at a low temperature of 450 °C with the bimetallic nanoparticles catalysts. Kinetic study indicated the activation energy for phenol gasification were 20.4 ± 2.6 and 43.6 ± 2.6 kJ/mol for Ni20Zn15 and Ni20Co15 catalyst, respectively. Furthermore, XRD, XPS and TEM were performed to characterize the catalysts and the results showed the formation of NiCo and NiZn alloy phase. Catalyst recycling experiments were also conducted to evaluate the stability of the catalysts. The characterization of used catalysts suggest that the severe agglomeration of nanoparticles leads to the decrease in catalytic activity.
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Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830; 51568067; 21307049; U1137603; 1319880237
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Supercritical Fluids
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 126; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0896-8446
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; phenol; supercritical water; gasification; bimetallic nanoparticle; alloy
OSTI Identifier: