skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: The impact of the diurnal cycle on the propagation of Madden-Julian Oscillation convection across the Maritime Continent

Abstract

Influences of the diurnal cycle of convection on the propagation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) across the Maritime Continent (MC) are examined using cloud-permitting regional model simulations and observations. A pair of ensembles of control (CONTROL) and no-diurnal cycle (NODC) simulations of the November 2011 MJO episode are performed. In the CONTROL simulations, the MJO signal is weakened as it propagates across the MC, with much of the convection stalling over the large islands of Sumatra and Borneo. In the NODC simulations, where the incoming shortwave radiation at the top of the atmosphere is maintained at its daily mean value, the MJO signal propagating across the MC is enhanced. Examination of the surface energy fluxes in the simulations indicates that in the presence of the diurnal cycle, surface downwelling shortwave radiation in CONTROL simulations is larger because clouds preferentially form in the afternoon. Furthermore, the diurnal co-variability of surface wind speed and skin temperature results in a larger sensible heat flux and a cooler land surface in CONTROL compared to NODC simulations. Here, an analysis of observations indicates that the modulation of the downwelling shortwave radiation at the surface by the diurnal cycle of cloudiness negatively projects on the MJOmore » intraseasonal cycle and therefore disrupts the propagation of the MJO across the MC.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [2];  [2];  [4]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Miami, Miami, FL (United States)
  3. Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)
  4. Naval Research Lab., Monterey, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1347866
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-118613
Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466; KP1701000
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; diurnal cycle; Madden-Julian Oscillation; Maritime Continent

Citation Formats

Hagos, Samson M., Zhang, Chidong, Feng, Zhe, Burleyson, Casey D., De Mott, Charlotte, Kerns, Brandon, Benedict, James J., and Martini, Matus N. The impact of the diurnal cycle on the propagation of Madden-Julian Oscillation convection across the Maritime Continent. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016MS000725.
Hagos, Samson M., Zhang, Chidong, Feng, Zhe, Burleyson, Casey D., De Mott, Charlotte, Kerns, Brandon, Benedict, James J., & Martini, Matus N. The impact of the diurnal cycle on the propagation of Madden-Julian Oscillation convection across the Maritime Continent. United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016MS000725
Hagos, Samson M., Zhang, Chidong, Feng, Zhe, Burleyson, Casey D., De Mott, Charlotte, Kerns, Brandon, Benedict, James J., and Martini, Matus N. Mon . "The impact of the diurnal cycle on the propagation of Madden-Julian Oscillation convection across the Maritime Continent". United States. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016MS000725. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1347866.
@article{osti_1347866,
title = {The impact of the diurnal cycle on the propagation of Madden-Julian Oscillation convection across the Maritime Continent},
author = {Hagos, Samson M. and Zhang, Chidong and Feng, Zhe and Burleyson, Casey D. and De Mott, Charlotte and Kerns, Brandon and Benedict, James J. and Martini, Matus N.},
abstractNote = {Influences of the diurnal cycle of convection on the propagation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) across the Maritime Continent (MC) are examined using cloud-permitting regional model simulations and observations. A pair of ensembles of control (CONTROL) and no-diurnal cycle (NODC) simulations of the November 2011 MJO episode are performed. In the CONTROL simulations, the MJO signal is weakened as it propagates across the MC, with much of the convection stalling over the large islands of Sumatra and Borneo. In the NODC simulations, where the incoming shortwave radiation at the top of the atmosphere is maintained at its daily mean value, the MJO signal propagating across the MC is enhanced. Examination of the surface energy fluxes in the simulations indicates that in the presence of the diurnal cycle, surface downwelling shortwave radiation in CONTROL simulations is larger because clouds preferentially form in the afternoon. Furthermore, the diurnal co-variability of surface wind speed and skin temperature results in a larger sensible heat flux and a cooler land surface in CONTROL compared to NODC simulations. Here, an analysis of observations indicates that the modulation of the downwelling shortwave radiation at the surface by the diurnal cycle of cloudiness negatively projects on the MJO intraseasonal cycle and therefore disrupts the propagation of the MJO across the MC.},
doi = {10.1002/2016MS000725},
journal = {Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems},
number = 4,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 6 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Advection, moistening, and shallow-to-deep convection transitions during the initiation and propagation of Madden-Julian Oscillation
journal, September 2014

  • Hagos, Samson; Feng, Zhe; Landu, Kiranmayi
  • Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 6, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014ms000335

Top-of-atmosphere radiation budget of convective core/stratiform rain and anvil clouds from deep convective systems: CONVECTIVE CORE ANVIL CLOUD RADIATION
journal, December 2011

  • Feng, Zhe; Dong, Xiquan; Xi, Baike
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 116, Issue D23
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011jd016451

Intraseasonal Behavior of Clouds, Temperature, and Motion in the Tropics
journal, August 1994


An All-Season Real-Time Multivariate MJO Index: Development of an Index for Monitoring and Prediction
journal, August 2004


Scale Interactions between the MJO and the Western Maritime Continent
journal, March 2016


Moist Process Biases in Simulations of the Madden–Julian Oscillation Episodes Observed during the AMIE/DYNAMO Field Campaign
journal, February 2016


MJO Moisture Budget during DYNAMO in a Cloud-Resolving Model
journal, June 2016

  • Janiga, Matthew A.; Zhang, Chidong
  • Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 73, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1175/jas-d-14-0379.1

Radiative transfer for inhomogeneous atmospheres: RRTM, a validated correlated-k model for the longwave
journal, July 1997

  • Mlawer, Eli J.; Taubman, Steven J.; Brown, Patrick D.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 102, Issue D14
  • DOI: 10.1029/97jd00237

Large-scale precipitation tracking and the MJO over the Maritime Continent and Indo-Pacific warm pool: LARGE-SCALE PRECIPITATION TRACKING
journal, August 2016

  • Kerns, Brandon W.; Chen, Shuyi S.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 121, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015jd024661

Environment and the Lifetime of Tropical Deep Convection in a Cloud-Permitting Regional Model Simulation
journal, August 2013

  • Hagos, Samson; Feng, Zhe; McFarlane, Sally
  • Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 70, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1175/jas-d-12-0260.1

Tracking Pulses of the Madden–Julian Oscillation
journal, December 2013

  • Yoneyama, Kunio; Zhang, Chidong; Long, Charles N.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 94, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1175/bams-d-12-00157.1

ARM Research In The Equatorial Western Pacific: A Decade And Counting
journal, May 2013

  • Long, C. N.; McFarlane, S. A.; Genio, A. Del
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 94, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1175/bams-d-11-00137.1

Predictability of the Madden–Julian Oscillation in the Intraseasonal Variability Hindcast Experiment (ISVHE)
journal, June 2014


The TRMM Multisatellite Precipitation Analysis (TMPA): Quasi-Global, Multiyear, Combined-Sensor Precipitation Estimates at Fine Scales
journal, February 2007

  • Huffman, George J.; Bolvin, David T.; Nelkin, Eric J.
  • Journal of Hydrometeorology, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1175/jhm560.1

Life cycle of midlatitude deep convective systems in a Lagrangian framework: MIDLATITUDE CONVECTIVE SYSTEM LIFE CYCLE
journal, December 2012

  • Feng, Zhe; Dong, Xiquan; Xi, Baike
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 117, Issue D23
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012jd018362

Explicit Forecasts of Winter Precipitation Using an Improved Bulk Microphysics Scheme. Part II: Implementation of a New Snow Parameterization
journal, December 2008

  • Thompson, Gregory; Field, Paul R.; Rasmussen, Roy M.
  • Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 136, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1175/2008mwr2387.1

Impact of a New Radiation Package, McRad, in the ECMWF Integrated Forecasting System
journal, December 2008

  • Morcrette, J-J.; Barker, H. W.; Cole, J. N. S.
  • Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 136, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1175/2008mwr2363.1

A Climatology of Surface Cloud Radiative Effects at the ARM Tropical Western Pacific Sites
journal, April 2013

  • McFarlane, Sally A.; Long, Charles N.; Flaherty, Julia
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 52, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1175/jamc-d-12-0189.1

A New Vertical Diffusion Package with an Explicit Treatment of Entrainment Processes
journal, September 2006

  • Hong, Song-You; Noh, Yign; Dudhia, Jimy
  • Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 134, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1175/mwr3199.1

Application of MJO Simulation Diagnostics to Climate Models
journal, December 2009


Updraft Buoyancy within and Moistening by Cumulonimbi prior to MJO Convective Onset in a Regional Model
journal, July 2016


Scale Interaction of the Diurnal Cycle of Rainfall over the Maritime Continent and Australia: Influence of the MJO
journal, January 2011


An Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Station in the Tropical Western Pacific
journal, April 1998


A Multiscale Model for the Intraseasonal Impact of the Diurnal Cycle over the Maritime Continent on the Madden–Julian Oscillation
journal, February 2016


Regional Simulation of the October and November MJO Events Observed during the CINDY/DYNAMO Field Campaign at Gray Zone Resolution
journal, March 2015


Topographic Effects on the Eastward Propagation and Initiation of the Madden–Julian Oscillation
journal, March 2005

  • Hsu, Huang-Hsiung; Lee, Ming-Ying
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 18, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1175/jcli-3292.1

The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system
journal, April 2011

  • Dee, D. P.; Uppala, S. M.; Simmons, A. J.
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 137, Issue 656
  • DOI: 10.1002/qj.828

Development Characteristics and Dynamic Structure of Tropical Intraseasonal Convection Anomalies
journal, February 1990


Propagating and Standing Components of the Intraseasonal Oscillationin Tropical Convection
journal, March 1997


Vertical structure and physical processes of the Madden-Julian oscillation: Exploring key model physics in climate simulations: KEY PHYSICS IN MODELING THE MJO
journal, May 2015

  • Jiang, Xianan; Waliser, Duane E.; Xavier, Prince K.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 120, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014jd022375

Propagation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation through the Maritime Continent and scale interaction with the diurnal cycle of precipitation: MJO Propagation and Scale Interaction with the Diurnal Cycle
journal, May 2013

  • Peatman, Simon C.; Matthews, Adrian J.; Stevens, David P.
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 140, Issue 680
  • DOI: 10.1002/qj.2161

Simulation of the Madden- Julian Oscillation and its teleconnections in the ECMWF forecast system
journal, April 2010

  • Vitart, Frédéric; Molteni, Franco
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Vol. 136, Issue 649
  • DOI: 10.1002/qj.623

Evaluation of MJO Forecast Skill from Several Statistical and Dynamical Forecast Models
journal, May 2009

  • Seo, Kyong-Hwan; Wang, Wanqiu; Gottschalck, Jon
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 22, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1175/2008jcli2421.1

Scale Interactions between the MJO and the Western Maritime Continent
journal, March 2016


Top-of-atmosphere radiation budget of convective core/stratiform rain and anvil clouds from deep convective systems: CONVECTIVE CORE ANVIL CLOUD RADIATION
journal, December 2011

  • Feng, Zhe; Dong, Xiquan; Xi, Baike
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 116, Issue D23
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011JD016451

Life cycle of midlatitude deep convective systems in a Lagrangian framework: MIDLATITUDE CONVECTIVE SYSTEM LIFE CYCLE
journal, December 2012

  • Feng, Zhe; Dong, Xiquan; Xi, Baike
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 117, Issue D23
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012JD018362

Environment and the Lifetime of Tropical Deep Convection in a Cloud-Permitting Regional Model Simulation
journal, August 2013

  • Hagos, Samson; Feng, Zhe; McFarlane, Sally
  • Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 70, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAS-D-12-0260.1

Advection, moistening, and shallow-to-deep convection transitions during the initiation and propagation of Madden-Julian Oscillation
journal, September 2014

  • Hagos, Samson; Feng, Zhe; Landu, Kiranmayi
  • Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 6, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014MS000335

Moist Process Biases in Simulations of the Madden–Julian Oscillation Episodes Observed during the AMIE/DYNAMO Field Campaign
journal, February 2016


A New Vertical Diffusion Package with an Explicit Treatment of Entrainment Processes
journal, September 2006

  • Hong, Song-You; Noh, Yign; Dudhia, Jimy
  • Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 134, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1175/MWR3199.1

Topographic Effects on the Eastward Propagation and Initiation of the Madden–Julian Oscillation
journal, March 2005

  • Hsu, Huang-Hsiung; Lee, Ming-Ying
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 18, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-3292.1

The TRMM Multisatellite Precipitation Analysis (TMPA): Quasi-Global, Multiyear, Combined-Sensor Precipitation Estimates at Fine Scales
journal, February 2007

  • Huffman, George J.; Bolvin, David T.; Nelkin, Eric J.
  • Journal of Hydrometeorology, Vol. 8, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1175/JHM560.1

MJO Moisture Budget during DYNAMO in a Cloud-Resolving Model
journal, June 2016

  • Janiga, Matthew A.; Zhang, Chidong
  • Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 73, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAS-D-14-0379.1

Vertical structure and physical processes of the Madden-Julian oscillation: Exploring key model physics in climate simulations: KEY PHYSICS IN MODELING THE MJO
journal, May 2015

  • Jiang, Xianan; Waliser, Duane E.; Xavier, Prince K.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 120, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JD022375

Large-scale precipitation tracking and the MJO over the Maritime Continent and Indo-Pacific warm pool: LARGE-SCALE PRECIPITATION TRACKING
journal, August 2016

  • Kerns, Brandon W.; Chen, Shuyi S.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 121, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JD024661

Application of MJO Simulation Diagnostics to Climate Models
journal, December 2009


ARM Research In The Equatorial Western Pacific: A Decade And Counting
journal, May 2013

  • Long, C. N.; McFarlane, S. A.; Genio, A. Del
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 94, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00137.1

A Multiscale Model for the Intraseasonal Impact of the Diurnal Cycle over the Maritime Continent on the Madden–Julian Oscillation
journal, February 2016


An Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Station in the Tropical Western Pacific
journal, April 1998


A Climatology of Surface Cloud Radiative Effects at the ARM Tropical Western Pacific Sites
journal, April 2013

  • McFarlane, Sally A.; Long, Charles N.; Flaherty, Julia
  • Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 52, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAMC-D-12-0189.1

Radiative transfer for inhomogeneous atmospheres: RRTM, a validated correlated-k model for the longwave
journal, July 1997

  • Mlawer, Eli J.; Taubman, Steven J.; Brown, Patrick D.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 102, Issue D14
  • DOI: 10.1029/97JD00237

Impact of a New Radiation Package, McRad, in the ECMWF Integrated Forecasting System
journal, December 2008

  • Morcrette, J-J.; Barker, H. W.; Cole, J. N. S.
  • Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 136, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1175/2008MWR2363.1

Predictability of the Madden–Julian Oscillation in the Intraseasonal Variability Hindcast Experiment (ISVHE)
journal, June 2014


Updraft Buoyancy within and Moistening by Cumulonimbi prior to MJO Convective Onset in a Regional Model
journal, July 2016


Scale Interaction of the Diurnal Cycle of Rainfall over the Maritime Continent and Australia: Influence of the MJO
journal, January 2011


Development Characteristics and Dynamic Structure of Tropical Intraseasonal Convection Anomalies
journal, February 1990


Intraseasonal Behavior of Clouds, Temperature, and Motion in the Tropics
journal, August 1994


Evaluation of MJO Forecast Skill from Several Statistical and Dynamical Forecast Models
journal, May 2009

  • Seo, Kyong-Hwan; Wang, Wanqiu; Gottschalck, Jon
  • Journal of Climate, Vol. 22, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1175/2008JCLI2421.1

Explicit Forecasts of Winter Precipitation Using an Improved Bulk Microphysics Scheme. Part II: Implementation of a New Snow Parameterization
journal, December 2008

  • Thompson, Gregory; Field, Paul R.; Rasmussen, Roy M.
  • Monthly Weather Review, Vol. 136, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1175/2008MWR2387.1

Regional Simulation of the October and November MJO Events Observed during the CINDY/DYNAMO Field Campaign at Gray Zone Resolution
journal, March 2015


An All-Season Real-Time Multivariate MJO Index: Development of an Index for Monitoring and Prediction
journal, August 2004


Tracking Pulses of the Madden–Julian Oscillation
journal, December 2013

  • Yoneyama, Kunio; Zhang, Chidong; Long, Charles N.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 94, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00157.1

Propagating and Standing Components of the Intraseasonal Oscillationin Tropical Convection
journal, March 1997


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Why does the MJO detour the Maritime Continent during austral summer?
    journal, March 2017

    • Kim, Daehyun; Kim, Hyerim; Lee, Myong‐In
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 44, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1002/2017gl072643

    A Damping Effect of the Maritime Continent for the Madden‐Julian Oscillation
    journal, December 2019

    • Jiang, Xianan; Su, Hui; Waliser, Duane E.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 124, Issue 24
    • DOI: 10.1029/2019jd031503

    QBO-MJO Connection
    journal, March 2018

    • Zhang, Chidong; Zhang, Bosong
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 123, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1002/2017jd028171

    Contemporary GCM Fidelity in Representing the Diurnal Cycle of Precipitation Over the Maritime Continent
    journal, January 2019

    • Baranowski, Dariusz B.; Waliser, Duane E.; Jiang, Xianan
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 124, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1029/2018jd029474

    Physical Mechanisms Controlling the Offshore Propagation of Convection in the Tropics: 2. Influence of Topography
    journal, October 2019

    • Coppin, David; Bellon, Gilles
    • Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, Vol. 11, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1029/2019ms001794

    Impact of cold surges on the Madden-Julian oscillation propagation over the Maritime Continent
    journal, September 2018

    • Pang, Bo; Lu, Riyu; Ling, Jian
    • Atmospheric Science Letters, Vol. 19, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1002/asl.854

    Possible Role of the Diurnal Cycle in Land Convection in the Barrier Effect on the MJO by the Maritime Continent
    journal, March 2019

    • Ling, Jian; Zhang, Chidong; Joyce, Robert
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 46, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1029/2019gl081962

    Role of topography on the MJO in the maritime continent: a numerical case study
    journal, May 2018


    Diurnal cycle of rainfall and convection over the Maritime Continent using TRMM and ISCCP
    journal, May 2019

    • Worku, Lakemariam Y.; Mekonnen, Ademe; Schreck, Carl J.
    • International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 39, Issue 13
    • DOI: 10.1002/joc.6121