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Title: High-capacity, low-tortuosity, and channel-guided lithium metal anode

Lithium metal anode with the highest capacity and lowest anode potential is extremely attractive to battery technologies, but infinite volume change during the Li stripping/plating process results in cracks and fractures of the solid electrolyte interphase, low Coulombic efficiency, and dendritic growth of Li. Here, we use a carbonized wood (C-wood) as a 3D, highly porous (73% porosity) conductive framework with well-aligned channels as Li host material. We discovered that molten Li metal can infuse into the straight channels of C-wood to form a Li/C-wood electrode after surface treatment. The C-wood channels function as excellent guides in which the Li stripping/plating process can take place and effectively confine the volume change that occurs. Moreover, the local current density can be minimized due to the 3D C-wood framework. Therefore, in symmetric cells, the as-prepared Li/C-wood electrode presents a lower overpotential (90 mV at 3 mA•cm -2), more-stable stripping/plating profiles, and better cycling performance (~150 h at 3 mA•cm -2) compared with bare Li metal electrode. Lastly, our findings may open up a solution for fabricating stable Li metal anode, which further facilitates future application of high-energy-density Li metal batteries.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0001160
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 114; Journal Issue: 14; Related Information: NEES partners with University of Maryland (lead); University of California, Irvine; University of Florida; Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sandia National Laboratories; Yale University; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States)
Research Org:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC), College Park, MD (United States). Nanostructures for Electrical Energy Storage (NEES)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; bio-inspired; energy storage (including batteries and capacitors); defects; charge transport; synthesis (novel materials); synthesis (self-assembly); synthesis (scalable processing); lithium metal batteries; wood channels; low tortuosity
OSTI Identifier:
1347464
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1388493

Zhang, Ying, Luo, Wei, Wang, Chengwei, Li, Yiju, Chen, Chaoji, Song, Jianwei, Dai, Jiaqi, Hitz, Emily M., Xu, Shaomao, Yang, Chunpeng, Wang, Yanbin, and Hu, Liangbing. High-capacity, low-tortuosity, and channel-guided lithium metal anode. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1073/pnas.1618871114.
Zhang, Ying, Luo, Wei, Wang, Chengwei, Li, Yiju, Chen, Chaoji, Song, Jianwei, Dai, Jiaqi, Hitz, Emily M., Xu, Shaomao, Yang, Chunpeng, Wang, Yanbin, & Hu, Liangbing. High-capacity, low-tortuosity, and channel-guided lithium metal anode. United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1618871114.
Zhang, Ying, Luo, Wei, Wang, Chengwei, Li, Yiju, Chen, Chaoji, Song, Jianwei, Dai, Jiaqi, Hitz, Emily M., Xu, Shaomao, Yang, Chunpeng, Wang, Yanbin, and Hu, Liangbing. 2017. "High-capacity, low-tortuosity, and channel-guided lithium metal anode". United States. doi:10.1073/pnas.1618871114.
@article{osti_1347464,
title = {High-capacity, low-tortuosity, and channel-guided lithium metal anode},
author = {Zhang, Ying and Luo, Wei and Wang, Chengwei and Li, Yiju and Chen, Chaoji and Song, Jianwei and Dai, Jiaqi and Hitz, Emily M. and Xu, Shaomao and Yang, Chunpeng and Wang, Yanbin and Hu, Liangbing},
abstractNote = {Lithium metal anode with the highest capacity and lowest anode potential is extremely attractive to battery technologies, but infinite volume change during the Li stripping/plating process results in cracks and fractures of the solid electrolyte interphase, low Coulombic efficiency, and dendritic growth of Li. Here, we use a carbonized wood (C-wood) as a 3D, highly porous (73% porosity) conductive framework with well-aligned channels as Li host material. We discovered that molten Li metal can infuse into the straight channels of C-wood to form a Li/C-wood electrode after surface treatment. The C-wood channels function as excellent guides in which the Li stripping/plating process can take place and effectively confine the volume change that occurs. Moreover, the local current density can be minimized due to the 3D C-wood framework. Therefore, in symmetric cells, the as-prepared Li/C-wood electrode presents a lower overpotential (90 mV at 3 mA•cm-2), more-stable stripping/plating profiles, and better cycling performance (~150 h at 3 mA•cm-2) compared with bare Li metal electrode. Lastly, our findings may open up a solution for fabricating stable Li metal anode, which further facilitates future application of high-energy-density Li metal batteries.},
doi = {10.1073/pnas.1618871114},
journal = {Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
number = 14,
volume = 114,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}

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