skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: Advanced rechargeable aluminium ion battery with a high-quality natural graphite cathode

There has been some interest in aluminium ion batteries with aluminium anodes, graphite cathodes and ionic liquid electrolytes has increased; however, much remains to be done to increase the cathode capacity and to understand details of the anion–graphite intercalation mechanism. An aluminium ion battery cell made using pristine natural graphite flakes achieves a specific capacity of B110 mAhg -1 with Coulombic efficiency B98%, at a current density of 99mAg -1 (0.9 C) with clear discharge voltage plateaus (2.25–2.0 V and 1.9–1.5 V). The cell has a capacity of 60mAhg -1 at 6 C, over 6,000 cycles with Coulombic efficiency B 99%. Raman spectroscopy shows two different intercalation processes involving chloroaluminate anions at the two discharging plateaus, while C–Cl bonding on the surface, or edges of natural graphite, is found using X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Lastly, theoretical calculations are employed to investigate the intercalation behaviour of choloraluminate anions in the graphite electrode.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [2] ;  [6] ;  [6] ;  [6] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [7] ;  [2] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [8] ;  [9] ;  [6]
  1. National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan). Dept. of Chemistry; Tunghai Univ., Taichung (Taiwan). Dept. of Chemistry; Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  2. National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  3. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Shangdong Univ. of Science and Technology, Qingdao (China). College of Electrical Engineering and Automation
  4. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan). Dept. of Chemical Engineering
  5. National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan). Graduate Inst. of Applied Science and Technology
  6. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  7. National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan). Dept. of Chemistry
  8. National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan). Dept. of Chemical Engineering; National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center (NSRRC), Hsinchu (Taiwan)
  9. National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan). Dept. of Chemistry; Inst. of Atomic and Molecular Science, Taipei (Taiwan)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0016165
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
The Leland Stanford Junior Univ., CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; batteries; energy
OSTI Identifier:
1347384

Wang, Di-Yan, Wei, Chuan-Yu, Lin, Meng-Chang, Pan, Chun-Jern, Chou, Hung-Lung, Chen, Hsin-An, Gong, Ming, Wu, Yingpeng, Yuan, Chunze, Angell, Michael, Hsieh, Yu-Ju, Chen, Yu-Hsun, Wen, Cheng-Yen, Chen, Chun-Wei, Hwang, Bing-Joe, Chen, Chia-Chun, and Dai, Hongjie. Advanced rechargeable aluminium ion battery with a high-quality natural graphite cathode. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1038/ncomms14283.
Wang, Di-Yan, Wei, Chuan-Yu, Lin, Meng-Chang, Pan, Chun-Jern, Chou, Hung-Lung, Chen, Hsin-An, Gong, Ming, Wu, Yingpeng, Yuan, Chunze, Angell, Michael, Hsieh, Yu-Ju, Chen, Yu-Hsun, Wen, Cheng-Yen, Chen, Chun-Wei, Hwang, Bing-Joe, Chen, Chia-Chun, & Dai, Hongjie. Advanced rechargeable aluminium ion battery with a high-quality natural graphite cathode. United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms14283.
Wang, Di-Yan, Wei, Chuan-Yu, Lin, Meng-Chang, Pan, Chun-Jern, Chou, Hung-Lung, Chen, Hsin-An, Gong, Ming, Wu, Yingpeng, Yuan, Chunze, Angell, Michael, Hsieh, Yu-Ju, Chen, Yu-Hsun, Wen, Cheng-Yen, Chen, Chun-Wei, Hwang, Bing-Joe, Chen, Chia-Chun, and Dai, Hongjie. 2017. "Advanced rechargeable aluminium ion battery with a high-quality natural graphite cathode". United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms14283. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1347384.
@article{osti_1347384,
title = {Advanced rechargeable aluminium ion battery with a high-quality natural graphite cathode},
author = {Wang, Di-Yan and Wei, Chuan-Yu and Lin, Meng-Chang and Pan, Chun-Jern and Chou, Hung-Lung and Chen, Hsin-An and Gong, Ming and Wu, Yingpeng and Yuan, Chunze and Angell, Michael and Hsieh, Yu-Ju and Chen, Yu-Hsun and Wen, Cheng-Yen and Chen, Chun-Wei and Hwang, Bing-Joe and Chen, Chia-Chun and Dai, Hongjie},
abstractNote = {There has been some interest in aluminium ion batteries with aluminium anodes, graphite cathodes and ionic liquid electrolytes has increased; however, much remains to be done to increase the cathode capacity and to understand details of the anion–graphite intercalation mechanism. An aluminium ion battery cell made using pristine natural graphite flakes achieves a specific capacity of B110 mAhg-1 with Coulombic efficiency B98%, at a current density of 99mAg-1 (0.9 C) with clear discharge voltage plateaus (2.25–2.0 V and 1.9–1.5 V). The cell has a capacity of 60mAhg-1 at 6 C, over 6,000 cycles with Coulombic efficiency B 99%. Raman spectroscopy shows two different intercalation processes involving chloroaluminate anions at the two discharging plateaus, while C–Cl bonding on the surface, or edges of natural graphite, is found using X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Lastly, theoretical calculations are employed to investigate the intercalation behaviour of choloraluminate anions in the graphite electrode.},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms14283},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = ,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {2}
}