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Title: Review of metastable states in heavy nuclei

Abstract

Here, the structure of nuclear isomeric states is reviewed in the context of their role in contemporary nuclear physics research. Emphasis is given to high-spin isomers in heavy nuclei, with A ≳ 150. The possibility to exploit isomers to study some of the most exotic nuclei is a recurring theme. In spherical nuclei, the role of octupole collectivity is discussed in detail, while in deformed nuclei the limitations of the K quantum number are addressed. Isomer targets and isomer beams are considered, along with applications related to energy storage, astrophysics, medicine, and experimental advances.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. R.S.P.E. Australian National Univ., Canberra, ACT (Australia)
  2. Univ. of Surrey, Guildford (United Kingdom)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP)
OSTI Identifier:
1346737
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1254873
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Reports on Progress in Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 79; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-4885
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Dracoulis, G. D., Walker, P. M., and Kondev, F. G. Review of metastable states in heavy nuclei. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.1088/0034-4885/79/7/076301.
Dracoulis, G. D., Walker, P. M., & Kondev, F. G. Review of metastable states in heavy nuclei. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/0034-4885/79/7/076301
Dracoulis, G. D., Walker, P. M., and Kondev, F. G. Tue . "Review of metastable states in heavy nuclei". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/0034-4885/79/7/076301. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1346737.
@article{osti_1346737,
title = {Review of metastable states in heavy nuclei},
author = {Dracoulis, G. D. and Walker, P. M. and Kondev, F. G.},
abstractNote = {Here, the structure of nuclear isomeric states is reviewed in the context of their role in contemporary nuclear physics research. Emphasis is given to high-spin isomers in heavy nuclei, with A ≳ 150. The possibility to exploit isomers to study some of the most exotic nuclei is a recurring theme. In spherical nuclei, the role of octupole collectivity is discussed in detail, while in deformed nuclei the limitations of the K quantum number are addressed. Isomer targets and isomer beams are considered, along with applications related to energy storage, astrophysics, medicine, and experimental advances.},
doi = {10.1088/0034-4885/79/7/076301},
journal = {Reports on Progress in Physics},
number = 7,
volume = 79,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

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Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 15 works
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Systematics of B(E3) Values in the Trans-Lead Region
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GCM calculation of the E2 decay lifetimes of shape isomers
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K isomers as probes of nuclear structure
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NEW STRUCTURES IN 178 HF AND COULOMB EXCITATION OF ISOMERS
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Depopulation of the Jπ = 9- isomer in 180Ta to the Jπ = 1+ ground state by Coulomb excitation
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First spatial separation of a heavy ion isomeric beam with a multiple-reflection time-of-flight mass spectrometer
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Isomeric states in 253No
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Characteristics of the <mml:math altimg="si1.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd"><mml:mn>21</mml:mn><mml:mo stretchy="false">/</mml:mo><mml:msup><mml:mn>2</mml:mn><mml:mo>+</mml:mo></mml:msup></mml:math> isomer in 93Mo: Toward the possibility of enhanced nuclear isomer decay
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Level structure and excitation energy of a high-spin isomer in Ho 150
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α decay of high-spin isomers in superheavy nuclei
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The effective interaction between nucleons deduced from nuclear spectra
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Decay of a K π = 21 / 2 , 17-ms isomer in Ta 185
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Shell model interaction between proton holes and between proton holes and neutron particles around 208Pb
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High- K isomers in neutron-rich hafnium nuclei at and beyond the stability line
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First observation of excited structures in neutron deficient, odd-mass Pt, Au and Hg nuclei
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Intruder bands and configuration mixing in lead isotopes
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Modified nuclear level lifetime in hot dense plasmas
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High- K isomerism in rotational nuclei
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Shape transitions in neutron-rich Yb, Hf, W, Os, and Pt isotopes within a Skyrme Hartree-Fock + BCS approach
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Mass and lifetime measurements at the experimental storage ring of GSI
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On the decrease in charge radii of multi-quasi particle isomers
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Revised spin-parity assignment and a new interpretation of the high-spin isomer in 151Er
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Structural changes in the yrast states of 178Hf
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Structure of neutron-rich tungsten nuclei and evidence for a 10 isomer in W 190
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Highly deformed Bands in Hf 175
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New μs isomers in the neutron-rich 210 Hg nucleus
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K-forbidden transitions from multi-quasiparticle states
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Multi-quasiparticle states in 179Ta and structural changes in the yrast line of the odd tantalum isotopes
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Spectroscopic properties of fission isomers
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High- K structure in Fm 250 and the deformed shell gaps at N = 152 and Z = 100
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Investigation of high- K states in 252 No
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Spectroscopy of Rf 257
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High- K , t 1 / 2 = 1 . 4 ( 1 ) ms, isomeric state in Lr 255
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High- K isomers in transactinide nuclei close to N = 162
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New μs-isomers and isomeric beams
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Dominant Secondary Nuclear Photoexcitation with the X-Ray Free-Electron Laser
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Decay through a doorway state and the puzzle of Ta 180
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Isomeric states observed in heavy neutron-rich nuclei populated in the fragmentation of a 208 Pb beam
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Opening up the A≈180 K-isomer landscape: inelastic excitation of new multi-quasiparticle yrast traps
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Inelastic excitation of new high-spin yrast isomers in 180 Ta
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Multi-quasiparticle isomers in Lu 174
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

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