skip to main content


Title: Evolution of microstructural disorder in annealed bismuth telluride nanowires

Controlling the distribution of structural defects in nanostructures is important since such defects can strongly affect critical properties, including thermal and electronic transport. However, characterizing the defect arrangements in individual nanostructures is difficult because of the small length scales involved. Here, we investigate the evolution of microstructural disorder with annealing in electrochemically deposited Bi2Te3 nanowires, which are of interest for thermoelectrics. We combine Convergent Beam Electron Diffraction (CBED) and Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy (STEM) to provide the necessary spatial and orientational resolution. We find that despite their large initial grain sizes and strong Formula crystallographic texturing, the as-deposited nanowires still exhibit significant intragranular orientational disorder. Annealing drives both grain growth and a significant reduction in the intragranular disorder. The results are discussed in the context of the existing understanding of the initial microstructure of electrodeposited materials and the understanding of annealing microstructures in both electrochemically deposited and bulk-deformed materials. Finally, this analysis highlights the importance of assessing both the grain size and intragranular disorder in understanding the microstructural evolution of individual nanostructures.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3] ; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States); Hewlett-Packard Lab., Palo Alto, CA (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Energizer Household Products, Westlake, OH (United States)
  3. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  4. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2162-8769; 651257
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2162-8769
Electrochemical Society
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; bismuth telluride; crystal defects; electrodeposition; electron microscopy; grain boundaries; nanowires; thermoelectric
OSTI Identifier: