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This content will become publicly available on September 14, 2017

Title: Understanding the pseudocapacitance of RuO2 from joint density functional theory

Pseudocapacitors have been experimentally studied for many years in electric energy storage. However, first principles understanding of the pseudocapacitive behavior is still not satisfactory due to the complexity involved in modeling electrochemistry. In this paper, we applied joint density functional theory (JDFT) to simulate the pseudocapacitive behavior of RuO2, a prototypical material, in a model electrolyte. Additionally, we obtained from JDFT a capacitive curve which showed a redox peak position comparable to that in the experimental cyclic voltammetry (CV) curve. We found that the experimental turning point from double-layer to pseudocapacitive charge storage at low scan rates could be explained by the hydrogen adsorption at low coverage. As the electrode voltage becomes more negative, H coverage increases and causes the surface-structure change, leading to bended –OH bonds at the on-top oxygen atoms and large capacitance. This H coverage-dependent capacitance can explain the high pseudocapacitance of hydrous RuO2. In conclusion, our work here provides a first principles understanding of the pseudocapacitance for RuO2 in particular and for transition-metal oxides in general.
 [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of California, Riverside, CA (United States). Department of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-05CH11231
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 28; Journal Issue: 46; Journal ID: ISSN 0953-8984
IOP Publishing
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY joint density functional theory; RuO2; pseudocapacitance; potential of zero charge; double layer capacitance
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1346657