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Title: Phase stability, swelling, microstructure and strength of Ti 3SiC 2-TiC ceramics after low dose neutron irradiation

In this study, M n+1AX n (MAX) phase Ti 3SiC 2 materials were neutron irradiated at ~400, ~630, and 700 °C to a fluence of ~2 × 10 25 n/m 2 (E > 0.1 MeV). After irradiation at ~400 °C, anisotropic c-axis dilation of ~1.5% was observed. Room temperature strength was reduced from 445 ± 29 MPa to 315 ± 33 MPa and the fracture surfaces showed flat facets and transgranular cracks instead of typical kink-band deformation and bridging ligaments. XRD phase analysis indicated an increase of 10–15 wt% TiC. After irradiation at ~700 °C there were no lattice parameter changes, ~5 wt% decomposition to TiC occurred, and strength was 391 ± 71 MPa and 378 ± 31 MPa. The fracture surfaces indicated kink-band based deformation but with lesser extent of delamination than as-received samples. Finally, Ti 3SiC 2 appears to be radiation tolerant at ~400 °C, and increasingly radiation resistant at ~630–700 °C, but a higher temperature may be necessary for full recovery.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Nuclear Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 483; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3115
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; MAX phase; Ti3SiC2; neutron irradiation; properties
OSTI Identifier:
1346622
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1414019