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Title: Genomic diversity within the haloalkaliphilic genus Thioalkalivibrio

Abstract

Thioalkalivibrio is a genus of obligate chemolithoautotrophic haloalkaliphilic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria. Their habitat are soda lakes which are dual extreme environments with a pH range from 9.5 to 11 and salt concentrations up to saturation. More than 100 strains of this genus have been isolated from various soda lakes all over the world, but only ten species have been effectively described yet. Therefore, the assignment of the remaining strains to either existing or novel species is important and will further elucidate their genomic diversity as well as give a better general understanding of this genus. Recently, the genomes of 76 Thioalkalivibrio strains were sequenced. On these, we applied different methods including (i) 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, (ii) Multilocus Sequence Analysis (MLSA) based on eight housekeeping genes, (iii) Average Nucleotide Identity based on BLAST (ANI b) and MUMmer (ANI m ), (iv) Tetranucleotide frequency correlation coefficients (TETRA), (v) digital DNA:DNA hybridization (dDDH) as well as (vi) nucleotide- and amino acid-based Genome BLAST Distance Phylogeny (GBDP) analyses. We detected a high genomic diversity by revealing 15 new "genomic" species and 16 new "genomic" subspecies in addition to the ten already described species. Phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses showed that the genus is notmore » monophyletic, because four strains were clearly separated from the other Thioalkalivibrio by type strains from other genera. Therefore, it is recommended to classify the latter group as a novel genus. The biogeographic distribution of Thioalkalivibrio suggested that the different "genomic" species can be classified as candidate disjunct or candidate endemic species. This study is a detailed genome-based classification and identification of members within the genus Thioalkalivibrio. However, future phenotypical and chemotaxonomical studies will be needed for a full species description of this genus.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1346444
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1393129
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
PLoS ONE
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: PLoS ONE Journal Volume: 12 Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-6203
Publisher:
Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Ahn, Anne-Catherine, Meier-Kolthoff, Jan P., Overmars, Lex, Richter, Michael, Woyke, Tanja, Sorokin, Dimitry Y., Muyzer, Gerard, and Thompson, ed., Cristiane. Genomic diversity within the haloalkaliphilic genus Thioalkalivibrio. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0173517.
Ahn, Anne-Catherine, Meier-Kolthoff, Jan P., Overmars, Lex, Richter, Michael, Woyke, Tanja, Sorokin, Dimitry Y., Muyzer, Gerard, & Thompson, ed., Cristiane. Genomic diversity within the haloalkaliphilic genus Thioalkalivibrio. United States. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0173517.
Ahn, Anne-Catherine, Meier-Kolthoff, Jan P., Overmars, Lex, Richter, Michael, Woyke, Tanja, Sorokin, Dimitry Y., Muyzer, Gerard, and Thompson, ed., Cristiane. Fri . "Genomic diversity within the haloalkaliphilic genus Thioalkalivibrio". United States. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0173517.
@article{osti_1346444,
title = {Genomic diversity within the haloalkaliphilic genus Thioalkalivibrio},
author = {Ahn, Anne-Catherine and Meier-Kolthoff, Jan P. and Overmars, Lex and Richter, Michael and Woyke, Tanja and Sorokin, Dimitry Y. and Muyzer, Gerard and Thompson, ed., Cristiane},
abstractNote = {Thioalkalivibrio is a genus of obligate chemolithoautotrophic haloalkaliphilic sulfur-oxidizing bacteria. Their habitat are soda lakes which are dual extreme environments with a pH range from 9.5 to 11 and salt concentrations up to saturation. More than 100 strains of this genus have been isolated from various soda lakes all over the world, but only ten species have been effectively described yet. Therefore, the assignment of the remaining strains to either existing or novel species is important and will further elucidate their genomic diversity as well as give a better general understanding of this genus. Recently, the genomes of 76 Thioalkalivibrio strains were sequenced. On these, we applied different methods including (i) 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, (ii) Multilocus Sequence Analysis (MLSA) based on eight housekeeping genes, (iii) Average Nucleotide Identity based on BLAST (ANIb) and MUMmer (ANI m ), (iv) Tetranucleotide frequency correlation coefficients (TETRA), (v) digital DNA:DNA hybridization (dDDH) as well as (vi) nucleotide- and amino acid-based Genome BLAST Distance Phylogeny (GBDP) analyses. We detected a high genomic diversity by revealing 15 new "genomic" species and 16 new "genomic" subspecies in addition to the ten already described species. Phylogenetic and phylogenomic analyses showed that the genus is not monophyletic, because four strains were clearly separated from the other Thioalkalivibrio by type strains from other genera. Therefore, it is recommended to classify the latter group as a novel genus. The biogeographic distribution of Thioalkalivibrio suggested that the different "genomic" species can be classified as candidate disjunct or candidate endemic species. This study is a detailed genome-based classification and identification of members within the genus Thioalkalivibrio. However, future phenotypical and chemotaxonomical studies will be needed for a full species description of this genus.},
doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0173517},
journal = {PLoS ONE},
number = 3,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173517

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