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Title: Are two plasma equilibrium states possible when the emission coefficient exceeds unity?

Two floating sheath solutions with strong electron emission in planar geometry have been proposed, a “space-charge limited” (SCL) sheath and an “inverse” sheath. SCL and inverse models contain different assumptions about conditions outside the sheath (e.g., the velocity of ions entering the sheath). So it is not yet clear whether both sheaths are possible in practice, or only one. Here we treat the global presheath-sheath problem for a plasma produced volumetrically between two planar walls. We show that all equilibrium requirements (a) floating condition, (b) plasma shielding, and (c) presheath force balance, can indeed be satisfied in two different ways when the emission coefficient γ > 1. There is one solution with SCL sheaths and one with inverse sheaths, each with sharply different presheath distributions. As we show for the first time in 1D-1V simulations, a SCL and inverse equilibrium are both possible in plasmas with the same upstream properties (e.g., same N and Te). However, maintaining a true SCL equilibrium requires no ionization or charge exchange collisions in the sheath, or else cold ion accumulation in the SCL's “dip” forces a transition to the inverse. This suggests that only a monotonic inverse type sheath potential should exist at anymore » plasma-facing surface with strong emission, whether be a divertor plate, emissive probe, dust grain, Hall thruster channel wall, sunlit object in space, etc. Nevertheless, SCL sheaths might still be possible if the ions in the dip can escape. Finally, our simulations demonstrate ways in which SCL and inverse regimes might be distinguished experimentally based on large-scale presheath effects, without having to probe inside the sheath.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-703199
Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X; TRN: US1700671
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 24; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION
OSTI Identifier:
1346133
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1348021

Campanell, Michael D., and Umansky, M. V.. Are two plasma equilibrium states possible when the emission coefficient exceeds unity?. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1063/1.4976856.
Campanell, Michael D., & Umansky, M. V.. Are two plasma equilibrium states possible when the emission coefficient exceeds unity?. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4976856.
Campanell, Michael D., and Umansky, M. V.. 2017. "Are two plasma equilibrium states possible when the emission coefficient exceeds unity?". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4976856. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1346133.
@article{osti_1346133,
title = {Are two plasma equilibrium states possible when the emission coefficient exceeds unity?},
author = {Campanell, Michael D. and Umansky, M. V.},
abstractNote = {Two floating sheath solutions with strong electron emission in planar geometry have been proposed, a “space-charge limited” (SCL) sheath and an “inverse” sheath. SCL and inverse models contain different assumptions about conditions outside the sheath (e.g., the velocity of ions entering the sheath). So it is not yet clear whether both sheaths are possible in practice, or only one. Here we treat the global presheath-sheath problem for a plasma produced volumetrically between two planar walls. We show that all equilibrium requirements (a) floating condition, (b) plasma shielding, and (c) presheath force balance, can indeed be satisfied in two different ways when the emission coefficient γ > 1. There is one solution with SCL sheaths and one with inverse sheaths, each with sharply different presheath distributions. As we show for the first time in 1D-1V simulations, a SCL and inverse equilibrium are both possible in plasmas with the same upstream properties (e.g., same N and Te). However, maintaining a true SCL equilibrium requires no ionization or charge exchange collisions in the sheath, or else cold ion accumulation in the SCL's “dip” forces a transition to the inverse. This suggests that only a monotonic inverse type sheath potential should exist at any plasma-facing surface with strong emission, whether be a divertor plate, emissive probe, dust grain, Hall thruster channel wall, sunlit object in space, etc. Nevertheless, SCL sheaths might still be possible if the ions in the dip can escape. Finally, our simulations demonstrate ways in which SCL and inverse regimes might be distinguished experimentally based on large-scale presheath effects, without having to probe inside the sheath.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4976856},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 5,
volume = 24,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {2}
}