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Title: Grain Size Threshold for Enhanced Irradiation Resistance in Nanocrystalline and Ultrafine Tungsten

Nanocrystalline metals are considered highly radiation-resistant materials due to their large grain boundary areas. Here, the existence of a grain size threshold for enhanced irradiation resistance in high-temperature helium-irradiated nanocrystalline and ultrafine tungsten is demonstrated. Average bubble density, projected bubble area and the corresponding change in volume were measured via transmission electron microscopy and plotted as a function of grain size for two ion fluences. Nanocrystalline grains of less than 35 nm size possess ~10–20 times lower change in volume than ultrafine grains and this is discussed in terms of the grain boundaries defect sink efficiency.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Huddersfield (United Kingdom)
  3. Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
  4. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-16-28940
Journal ID: ISSN 2166-3831
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Materials Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2166-3831
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; He implantation; TEM; bubbles; nanocrystalline; grain boundary
OSTI Identifier:
1345944

El Atwani, Osman, Hinks, Jonathan, Greaves, Graeme, Allain, Jean Paul, and Maloy, Stuart Andrew. Grain Size Threshold for Enhanced Irradiation Resistance in Nanocrystalline and Ultrafine Tungsten. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1080/21663831.2017.1292326.
El Atwani, Osman, Hinks, Jonathan, Greaves, Graeme, Allain, Jean Paul, & Maloy, Stuart Andrew. Grain Size Threshold for Enhanced Irradiation Resistance in Nanocrystalline and Ultrafine Tungsten. United States. doi:10.1080/21663831.2017.1292326.
El Atwani, Osman, Hinks, Jonathan, Greaves, Graeme, Allain, Jean Paul, and Maloy, Stuart Andrew. 2017. "Grain Size Threshold for Enhanced Irradiation Resistance in Nanocrystalline and Ultrafine Tungsten". United States. doi:10.1080/21663831.2017.1292326. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1345944.
@article{osti_1345944,
title = {Grain Size Threshold for Enhanced Irradiation Resistance in Nanocrystalline and Ultrafine Tungsten},
author = {El Atwani, Osman and Hinks, Jonathan and Greaves, Graeme and Allain, Jean Paul and Maloy, Stuart Andrew},
abstractNote = {Nanocrystalline metals are considered highly radiation-resistant materials due to their large grain boundary areas. Here, the existence of a grain size threshold for enhanced irradiation resistance in high-temperature helium-irradiated nanocrystalline and ultrafine tungsten is demonstrated. Average bubble density, projected bubble area and the corresponding change in volume were measured via transmission electron microscopy and plotted as a function of grain size for two ion fluences. Nanocrystalline grains of less than 35 nm size possess ~10–20 times lower change in volume than ultrafine grains and this is discussed in terms of the grain boundaries defect sink efficiency.},
doi = {10.1080/21663831.2017.1292326},
journal = {Materials Research Letters},
number = 5,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {2}
}