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Title: Solvent-Induced Shift of Spectral Lines in Polar–Polarizable Solvents

Solvent-induced shift of optical transition lines is traditionally described by the Lippert- McRae equation given in terms of the Onsager theory for dipole solvation. It splits the overall shift into the equilibrium solvation by induced dipoles and the reaction field by the permanent dipoles in equilibrium with the chromophore in the ground state. Here we have reconsidered this classical problem from the perspective of microscopic solvation theories. A microscopic solvation functional is derived and continuum solvation is consistently introduced by taking the limit of zero wavevector in the reciprocal-space solvation susceptibility functions. We show that the phenomenological expression for the reaction field of permanent dipoles in the Lippert-McRae equation is not consistent with the microscopic theory. The main deficiency of the Lippert- McRae equation equation is the use of additivity of the response by permanent and induced dipoles of the liquid. An alternative closed-form equation for the spectral shift is derived. Its continuum limit allows a new, non-additive functionality for the solvent-induced shift in terms of the high-frequency and static dielectric constants. Finally, the main qualitative outcome of the theory is a significantly weaker dependence of the spectral shift on the polarizability of the solvent than predicted by the Lippert-McRaemore » formula.« less
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Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1089-5639
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0015641; SC00112704
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. A, Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment, and General Theory
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 1089-5639
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States); Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; electron transfer; solvent-induced shift
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1347381