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Title: Z boson mediated dark matter beyond the effective theory

Here, direct detection bounds are beginning to constrain a very simple model of weakly interacting dark matter—a Majorana fermion with a coupling to the Z boson. In a particularly straightforward gauge-invariant realization, this coupling is introduced via a higher-dimensional operator. While attractive in its simplicity, this model generically induces a large ρ parameter. An ultraviolet completion that avoids an overly large contribution to ρ is the singlet-doublet model. We revisit this model, focusing on the Higgs blind spot region of parameter space where spin-independent interactions are absent. This model successfully reproduces dark matter with direct detection mediated by the Z boson but whose cosmology may depend on additional couplings and states. Future direct detection experiments should effectively probe a significant portion of this parameter space, aside from a small coannihilating region. As such, Z-mediated thermal dark matter as realized in the singlet-doublet model represents an interesting target for future searches.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  2. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-16-534-T; MCTP-16-27; arXiv:1611.05048
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; 1498321
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359; SC0007859
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 95; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS
OSTI Identifier:
1345628
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1344191

Kearney, John, Orlofsky, Nicholas, and Pierce, Aaron. Z boson mediated dark matter beyond the effective theory. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.035020.
Kearney, John, Orlofsky, Nicholas, & Pierce, Aaron. Z boson mediated dark matter beyond the effective theory. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.035020.
Kearney, John, Orlofsky, Nicholas, and Pierce, Aaron. 2017. "Z boson mediated dark matter beyond the effective theory". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.95.035020. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1345628.
@article{osti_1345628,
title = {Z boson mediated dark matter beyond the effective theory},
author = {Kearney, John and Orlofsky, Nicholas and Pierce, Aaron},
abstractNote = {Here, direct detection bounds are beginning to constrain a very simple model of weakly interacting dark matter—a Majorana fermion with a coupling to the Z boson. In a particularly straightforward gauge-invariant realization, this coupling is introduced via a higher-dimensional operator. While attractive in its simplicity, this model generically induces a large ρ parameter. An ultraviolet completion that avoids an overly large contribution to ρ is the singlet-doublet model. We revisit this model, focusing on the Higgs blind spot region of parameter space where spin-independent interactions are absent. This model successfully reproduces dark matter with direct detection mediated by the Z boson but whose cosmology may depend on additional couplings and states. Future direct detection experiments should effectively probe a significant portion of this parameter space, aside from a small coannihilating region. As such, Z-mediated thermal dark matter as realized in the singlet-doublet model represents an interesting target for future searches.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.95.035020},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 3,
volume = 95,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {2}
}