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Title: Direct numerical simulations of a high Karlovitz number laboratory premixed jet flame – an analysis of flame stretch and flame thickening [Direct numerical simulations of a high Ka laboratory premixed jet flame - an analysis of flame stretch and flame thickening]

This article reports an analysis of the first detailed chemistry direct numerical simulation (DNS) of a high Karlovitz number laboratory premixed flame. The DNS results are first compared with those from laser-based diagnostics with good agreement. The subsequent analysis focuses on a detailed investigation of the flame area, its local thickness and their rates of change in isosurface following reference frames, quantities that are intimately connected. The net flame stretch is demonstrated to be a small residual of large competing terms: the positive tangential strain term and the negative curvature stretch term. The latter is found to be driven by flame speed–curvature correlations and dominated in net by low probability highly curved regions. Flame thickening is demonstrated to be substantial on average, while local regions of flame thinning are also observed. The rate of change of the flame thickness (as measured by the scalar gradient magnitude) is demonstrated, analogously to flame stretch, to be a competition between straining tending to increase gradients and flame speed variations in the normal direction tending to decrease them. The flame stretch and flame thickness analyses are connected by the observation that high positive tangential strain rate regions generally correspond with low curvature regions; thesemore » regions tend to be positively stretched in net and are relatively thinner compared with other regions. Finally, high curvature magnitude regions (both positive and negative) generally correspond with lower tangential strain; these regions are in net negatively stretched and thickened substantially.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. The Univ. of New South Wales, NSW (Australia)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Lund Univ., Lund (Sweden)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND-2017-0646J
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-1120; applab; PII: S0022112017000532
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Fluid Mechanics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 815; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-1120
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; combustion; reacting flows; turbulent reacting flows
OSTI Identifier:
1345536

Wang, Haiou, Hawkes, Evatt R., Chen, Jacqueline H., Zhou, Bo, Li, Zhongshan, and Alden, Marcus. Direct numerical simulations of a high Karlovitz number laboratory premixed jet flame – an analysis of flame stretch and flame thickening [Direct numerical simulations of a high Ka laboratory premixed jet flame - an analysis of flame stretch and flame thickening]. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1017/jfm.2017.53.
Wang, Haiou, Hawkes, Evatt R., Chen, Jacqueline H., Zhou, Bo, Li, Zhongshan, & Alden, Marcus. Direct numerical simulations of a high Karlovitz number laboratory premixed jet flame – an analysis of flame stretch and flame thickening [Direct numerical simulations of a high Ka laboratory premixed jet flame - an analysis of flame stretch and flame thickening]. United States. doi:10.1017/jfm.2017.53.
Wang, Haiou, Hawkes, Evatt R., Chen, Jacqueline H., Zhou, Bo, Li, Zhongshan, and Alden, Marcus. 2017. "Direct numerical simulations of a high Karlovitz number laboratory premixed jet flame – an analysis of flame stretch and flame thickening [Direct numerical simulations of a high Ka laboratory premixed jet flame - an analysis of flame stretch and flame thickening]". United States. doi:10.1017/jfm.2017.53. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1345536.
@article{osti_1345536,
title = {Direct numerical simulations of a high Karlovitz number laboratory premixed jet flame – an analysis of flame stretch and flame thickening [Direct numerical simulations of a high Ka laboratory premixed jet flame - an analysis of flame stretch and flame thickening]},
author = {Wang, Haiou and Hawkes, Evatt R. and Chen, Jacqueline H. and Zhou, Bo and Li, Zhongshan and Alden, Marcus},
abstractNote = {This article reports an analysis of the first detailed chemistry direct numerical simulation (DNS) of a high Karlovitz number laboratory premixed flame. The DNS results are first compared with those from laser-based diagnostics with good agreement. The subsequent analysis focuses on a detailed investigation of the flame area, its local thickness and their rates of change in isosurface following reference frames, quantities that are intimately connected. The net flame stretch is demonstrated to be a small residual of large competing terms: the positive tangential strain term and the negative curvature stretch term. The latter is found to be driven by flame speed–curvature correlations and dominated in net by low probability highly curved regions. Flame thickening is demonstrated to be substantial on average, while local regions of flame thinning are also observed. The rate of change of the flame thickness (as measured by the scalar gradient magnitude) is demonstrated, analogously to flame stretch, to be a competition between straining tending to increase gradients and flame speed variations in the normal direction tending to decrease them. The flame stretch and flame thickness analyses are connected by the observation that high positive tangential strain rate regions generally correspond with low curvature regions; these regions tend to be positively stretched in net and are relatively thinner compared with other regions. Finally, high curvature magnitude regions (both positive and negative) generally correspond with lower tangential strain; these regions are in net negatively stretched and thickened substantially.},
doi = {10.1017/jfm.2017.53},
journal = {Journal of Fluid Mechanics},
number = ,
volume = 815,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {2}
}