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Title: Independent and parallel evolution of new genes by gene duplication in two origins of C4 photosynthesis provides new insight into the mechanism of phloem loading in C4 species

C4 photosynthesis is considered one of the most remarkable examples of evolutionary convergence in eukaryotes. However, it is unknown whether the evolution of C4 photosynthesis required the evolution of new genes. Genome-wide gene-tree species-tree reconciliation of seven monocot species that span two origins of C4 photosynthesis revealed that there was significant parallelism in the duplication and retention of genes coincident with the evolution of C4 photosynthesis in these lineages. Specifically, 21 orthologous genes were duplicated and retained independently in parallel at both C4 origins. Analysis of this gene cohort revealed that the set of parallel duplicated and retained genes is enriched for genes that are preferentially expressed in bundle sheath cells, the cell type in which photosynthesis was activated during C4 evolution. Moreover, functional analysis of the cohort of parallel duplicated genes identified SWEET-13 as a potential key transporter in the evolution of C4 photosynthesis in grasses, and provides new insight into the mechanism of phloem loading in these C4 species.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Oxford, Oxford (United Kingdom)
  2. Univ. of Cambridge, Cambridge (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Molecular Biology and Evolution
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 33; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0737-4038
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Research Org:
Univ. of Oxford, Oxford (United Kingdom)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; C4 photosynthesis; gene duplication; gene families; parallel evolution
OSTI Identifier:
1344533