skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: Complex and noncentrosymmetric stacking of layered metal dichalcogenide materials created by screw dislocations

The interesting and tunable properties of layered metal dichalcogenides heavily depend on their phase and layer stacking. Here, we show and explain how the layer stacking and physical properties of WSe 2 are influenced by screw dislocations. A one-to-one correlation of atomic force microscopy and high- and low-frequency Raman spectroscopy of many dislocated WSe 2 nanoplates reveals variations in the number and shapes of dislocation spirals and different layer stackings that are determined by the number, rotation, and location of the dislocations. Plates with triangular dislocation spirals form noncentrosymmetric stacking that gives rise to strong second-harmonic generation and enhanced photoluminescence, plates with hexagonal dislocation spirals form the bulk 2H layer stacking commonly observed, and plates containing mixed dislocation shapes have intermediate noncentrosymmetric stackings with mixed properties. Multiple dislocation cores and other complexities can lead to more complex stackings and properties. Finally, these previously unobserved properties and layer stackings in WSe 2 will be interesting for spintronics and valleytronics.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-09ER46664; SC0002162; AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 139; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7863
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States); Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1344321
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1346400; OSTI ID: 1350934