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Title: Mixed polyanion glass cathodes: Effect of polyanion content

Mixed polyanion glass cathodes in lithium-ion batteries have very high capacities (200-500 mAh/g), but currently these materials have fundamental problems with 1 st-cycle irreversible loss, cycling efficiency, and capacity fade. It is well established that polyanion substitutions into glasses can dramatically affect their physical properties, but the effect of polyanion content on the electrochemical performance has not been previously established. The proper amount of lithium and borate substitution in copper phosphate/vanadate glasses was shown to nearly eliminate 1 st-cycle irreversible loss and improve cycling efficiency. As a result, Raman and IR spectroscopy were used to identify polyanions that correlated with electrochemical performance changes.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 164; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; glass; cathode; Raman; IR spectroscopy; lithium ion battery; borate; phosphate; polyanion; vanadate
OSTI Identifier:
1344266