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Title: Corrosion of stainless steels in the riser during co-processing of bio-oils in a fluid catalytic cracking pilot plant

Co-processing of bio-oils with conventional petroleum-based feedstocks is an attractive initial option to make use of renewable biomass as a fuel source while leveraging existing refinery infrastructures. But, bio-oils and their processing intermediates have high concentrations of organic oxygenates, which, among their other negative qualities, can result in increased corrosion issues. A range of stainless steel alloys (409, 410, 304L, 316L, 317L, and 201) was exposed at the base of the riser in a fluid catalytic cracking pilot plant while co-processing vacuum gas oil with pine-derived pyrolysis bio-oils that had been catalytically hydrodeoxygenated to ~ 2 to 28% oxygen. We studied the processing using a catalyst temperature of 704 °C, a reaction exit temperature of 520 °C, and total co-processing run times of 57–75 h. External oxide scaling 5–30 μm thick and internal attack 1–5 μm deep were observed in these short-duration exposures. The greatest extent of internal attack was observed for co-processing with the least stabilized bio-oil, and more so for types 409, 410, 304L, 316L, 317L stainless steel than for type 201. Finally, the internal attack involved porous Cr-rich oxide formation, associated with local Ni-metal enrichment and S-rich nanoparticles, primarily containing Cr or Mn. Implications for alloy selectionmore » and corrosion are discussed.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  3. Grace Catalysts Technologies, Columbia, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-127468
Journal ID: ISSN 0378-3820; BM0102060; CEBM007
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; AC05-76RL01830
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Fuel Processing Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 159; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0378-3820
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; Stainless steel; Corrosion; Bio-oil; Biomass; Co-processing; Fluid catalytic cracking
OSTI Identifier:
1344257
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1379957; OSTI ID: 1397919

Brady, M. P., Keiser, J. R., Leonard, D. N., Zacher, A. H., Bryden, K. J., and Weatherbee, G. D.. Corrosion of stainless steels in the riser during co-processing of bio-oils in a fluid catalytic cracking pilot plant. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.fuproc.2017.01.041.
Brady, M. P., Keiser, J. R., Leonard, D. N., Zacher, A. H., Bryden, K. J., & Weatherbee, G. D.. Corrosion of stainless steels in the riser during co-processing of bio-oils in a fluid catalytic cracking pilot plant. United States. doi:10.1016/j.fuproc.2017.01.041.
Brady, M. P., Keiser, J. R., Leonard, D. N., Zacher, A. H., Bryden, K. J., and Weatherbee, G. D.. 2017. "Corrosion of stainless steels in the riser during co-processing of bio-oils in a fluid catalytic cracking pilot plant". United States. doi:10.1016/j.fuproc.2017.01.041. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1344257.
@article{osti_1344257,
title = {Corrosion of stainless steels in the riser during co-processing of bio-oils in a fluid catalytic cracking pilot plant},
author = {Brady, M. P. and Keiser, J. R. and Leonard, D. N. and Zacher, A. H. and Bryden, K. J. and Weatherbee, G. D.},
abstractNote = {Co-processing of bio-oils with conventional petroleum-based feedstocks is an attractive initial option to make use of renewable biomass as a fuel source while leveraging existing refinery infrastructures. But, bio-oils and their processing intermediates have high concentrations of organic oxygenates, which, among their other negative qualities, can result in increased corrosion issues. A range of stainless steel alloys (409, 410, 304L, 316L, 317L, and 201) was exposed at the base of the riser in a fluid catalytic cracking pilot plant while co-processing vacuum gas oil with pine-derived pyrolysis bio-oils that had been catalytically hydrodeoxygenated to ~ 2 to 28% oxygen. We studied the processing using a catalyst temperature of 704 °C, a reaction exit temperature of 520 °C, and total co-processing run times of 57–75 h. External oxide scaling 5–30 μm thick and internal attack 1–5 μm deep were observed in these short-duration exposures. The greatest extent of internal attack was observed for co-processing with the least stabilized bio-oil, and more so for types 409, 410, 304L, 316L, 317L stainless steel than for type 201. Finally, the internal attack involved porous Cr-rich oxide formation, associated with local Ni-metal enrichment and S-rich nanoparticles, primarily containing Cr or Mn. Implications for alloy selection and corrosion are discussed.},
doi = {10.1016/j.fuproc.2017.01.041},
journal = {Fuel Processing Technology},
number = C,
volume = 159,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}