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Title: Development of 1100 °C Capable Alumina-Forming Austenitic Alloys

Recently dalumina-forming austenitic (AFA) alloys based on ~12–32 weight % (wt%) Ni have been developed and offer an attractive combination of oxidation resistance and creep resistance at relatively low alloy cost. But, they exhibit a transition to internal oxidation and nitridation of Al above ~750–950 °C depending on composition and exposure environment. In order to identify AFA compositions capable of higher-temperature operation for applications such as ethylene cracking, the oxidation behavior of a series of developmental, as-cast nominal Fe–(25–45)Ni–(10–25)Cr–(4–5)Al–1Si–0.15Hf–0.07Y–0.01B wt% base alloys with and without Nb, Ti, and C additions was evaluated at 1100 °C in air with 10% water vapor. Furthermore, we observed protective alumina scale formation at levels of 35Ni, 25Cr, and 4Al with additions of Nb and C, indicating promise for 1100°C capable cast AFA alloys.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Oxidation of Metals
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 1-2; Journal ID: ISSN 0030-770X
Publisher:
Springer
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; alumina; water vapor; Fe-base alloy; Ni-base alloy
OSTI Identifier:
1344247