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Title: Understanding the effects of cationic dopants on α-MnO 2 oxygen reduction reaction electrocatalysis

Nickel-doped α-MnO 2 nanowires (Ni–α-MnO 2) were prepared with 3.4% or 4.9% Ni using a hydrothermal method. A comparison of the electrocatalytic data for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in alkaline electrolyte versus that obtained with α-MnO 2 or Cu–α-MnO 2 is provided. In general, Ni-α-MnO 2 (e.g., Ni-4.9%) had higher n values (n = 3.6), faster kinetics (k = 0.015 cm s –1), and lower charge transfer resistance (R CT = 2264 Ω at half-wave) values than MnO 2 (n = 3.0, k = 0.006 cm s –1, R CT = 6104 Ω at half-wave) or Cu–α-MnO 2 (Cu-2.9%, n = 3.5, k = 0.015 cm s –1, R CT = 3412 Ω at half-wave), and the overall activity for Ni–α-MnO 2 trended with increasing Ni content, i.e., Ni-4.9% > Ni-3.4%. As observed for Cu–α-MnO 2, the increase in ORR activity correlates with the amount of Mn 3+ at the surface of the Ni–α-MnO 2 nanowire. Examining the activity for both Ni–α-MnO 2 and Cu–α-MnO 2 materials indicates that the Mn 3+ at the surface of the electrocatalysts dictates the activity trends within the overall series. Single nanowire resistance measurements conducted on 47 nanowire devices (15 of α-MnO 2,more » 16 of Cu–α-MnO 2-2.9%, and 16 of Ni–α-MnO 2-4.9%) demonstrated that Cu-doping leads to a slightly lower resistance value than Ni-doping, although both were considerably improved relative to the undoped α-MnO 2. As a result, the data also suggest that the ORR charge transfer resistance value, as determined by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, is a better indicator of the cation-doping effect on ORR catalysis than the electrical resistance of the nanowire.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND2017-1258J
Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447; 651017
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 121; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1343628