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Title: Processing of Onion-like Carbon for Electrochemical Capacitors

Multi-shell fullerenes known as onion-like carbon (OLC) are especially attractive in applications relative to energy storage, such as electrochemical capacitors, due to a near-spherical shape of particles, their nanoscale diameters and high conductivity leading to fast rate performance. Because of this, onion-like carbon can be fabricated into electrodes, used as a conductive additive, and may have potential in composites and additive manufacturing. However due to agglomeration of OLC particles, creating a stable, aqueous dispersion for ink production or formulating composites proves challenging. Also, we explore how attrition milling, acid treatment, and probe sonication can be employed to decrease agglomeration and provide colloidal stability in aqueous media. We also investigate how the electrochemical performance changes with each processing step as well as the treatments in succession. When tested in electrochemical capacitors, the processing increases the capacitance by a factor of three, due to an added pseudocapacitive contribution which is not present in untreated OLC. As a result, the processing of OLC proves to be advantageous for the production of stable, aqueous solutions, which also exhibit improved electrochemical properties suitable for functional inks, conductive additives, and fabrication of composite electrodes.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States). Department of Materials Science and Engineering and A.J. Drexel Nanomaterials Institute
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2162-8769
Publisher:
Electrochemical Society
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Aqueous dispersion; Onion-like carbon; Particle Size; Supercapacitors; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1343544
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1399372

Van Aken, Katherine L., Maleski, Kathleen, Mathis, Tyler S., Breslin, James P., and Gogotsi, Yury G.. Processing of Onion-like Carbon for Electrochemical Capacitors. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1149/2.0181706jss.
Van Aken, Katherine L., Maleski, Kathleen, Mathis, Tyler S., Breslin, James P., & Gogotsi, Yury G.. Processing of Onion-like Carbon for Electrochemical Capacitors. United States. doi:10.1149/2.0181706jss.
Van Aken, Katherine L., Maleski, Kathleen, Mathis, Tyler S., Breslin, James P., and Gogotsi, Yury G.. 2017. "Processing of Onion-like Carbon for Electrochemical Capacitors". United States. doi:10.1149/2.0181706jss. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1343544.
@article{osti_1343544,
title = {Processing of Onion-like Carbon for Electrochemical Capacitors},
author = {Van Aken, Katherine L. and Maleski, Kathleen and Mathis, Tyler S. and Breslin, James P. and Gogotsi, Yury G.},
abstractNote = {Multi-shell fullerenes known as onion-like carbon (OLC) are especially attractive in applications relative to energy storage, such as electrochemical capacitors, due to a near-spherical shape of particles, their nanoscale diameters and high conductivity leading to fast rate performance. Because of this, onion-like carbon can be fabricated into electrodes, used as a conductive additive, and may have potential in composites and additive manufacturing. However due to agglomeration of OLC particles, creating a stable, aqueous dispersion for ink production or formulating composites proves challenging. Also, we explore how attrition milling, acid treatment, and probe sonication can be employed to decrease agglomeration and provide colloidal stability in aqueous media. We also investigate how the electrochemical performance changes with each processing step as well as the treatments in succession. When tested in electrochemical capacitors, the processing increases the capacitance by a factor of three, due to an added pseudocapacitive contribution which is not present in untreated OLC. As a result, the processing of OLC proves to be advantageous for the production of stable, aqueous solutions, which also exhibit improved electrochemical properties suitable for functional inks, conductive additives, and fabrication of composite electrodes.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0181706jss},
journal = {ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology},
number = 6,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {2}
}