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Title: Model-data synthesis for the next generation of forest free-air CO 2 enrichment (FACE) experiments

Abstract

The first generation of forest free-air CO 2 enrichment (FACE) experiments has successfully provided deeper understanding about how forests respond to an increasing CO 2 concentration in the atmosphere. Located in aggrading stands in the temperate zone, they have provided a strong foundation for testing critical assumptions in terrestrial biosphere models that are being used to project future interactions between forest productivity and the atmosphere, despite the limited inference space of these experiments with regards to the range of global ecosystems. Now, a new generation of FACE experiments in mature forests in different biomes and over a wide range of climate space and biodiversity will significantly expand the inference space. These new experiments are: EucFACE in a mature Eucalyptus stand on highly weathered soil in subtropical Australia; AmazonFACE in a highly diverse, primary rainforest in Brazil; BIFoR-FACE in a 150-yr-old deciduous woodland stand in central England; and SwedFACE proposed in a hemiboreal, Pinus sylvestris stand in Sweden. We now have a unique opportunity to initiate a model–data interaction as an integral part of experimental design and to address a set of cross-site science questions on topics including responses of mature forests; interactions with temperature, water stress, and phosphorus limitation; andmore » the influence of biodiversity.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [2];  [9];  [10];  [11];  [12];  [13];  [8];  [11];  [1];  [1];  [7]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Macquarie Univ., NSW (Australia). Dept. of Biological Sciences
  3. Univ. of Sao Paulo (Brazil). Dept. de Biologia
  4. Univ. of Western Sydney, NSW (Australia). Hawkesbury Inst. for the Environment
  5. Lab. de Sciences de Climat et de l'Environnement, IPSL, Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
  6. Univ. Estadual Paulista, Rio Claro Sao Paulo (Brasil). Lab. de Ciencia do Sistema Terrestre, Dept. de Ecologia
  7. Max Planck Inst. for Biogeochemistry, Jena (Germany). Biogeochemical Integration Dept.
  8. Univ. of Birmingham (United Kingdom). Birmingham Inst. of Forest Research
  9. (Australia). Hawkesbury Inst. for the Environment
  10. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), La Canada Flintridge, CA (United States). Jet Propulsion Lab.
  11. Potsdam Inst. for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam (Germany)
  12. (Germany). TUM School of Life Sciences
  13. Lund Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1343496
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; 2012/51581-0; ERC-2013-SyG-610028
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
New Phytologist
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 209; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0028-646X
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; biodiversity; climate; elevated CO2; forest; free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE); model–data synthesis; nitrogen (N); phosphorus (P)

Citation Formats

Norby, Richard J., De Kauwe, Martin G., Domingues, Tomas F., Duursma, Remko A., Ellsworth, David S., Goll, Daniel S., Lapola, David M., Luus, Kristina A., MacKenzie, A. Rob, Medlyn, Belinda E., Univ. of Western Sydney, NSW, Pavlick, Ryan, Rammig, Anja, Technische Univ. Munchen, Garching, Smith, Benjamin, Thomas, Rick, Thonicke, Kirsten, Walker, Anthony P., Yang, Xiaojuan, and Zaehle, Sönke. Model-data synthesis for the next generation of forest free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) experiments. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1111/nph.13593.
Norby, Richard J., De Kauwe, Martin G., Domingues, Tomas F., Duursma, Remko A., Ellsworth, David S., Goll, Daniel S., Lapola, David M., Luus, Kristina A., MacKenzie, A. Rob, Medlyn, Belinda E., Univ. of Western Sydney, NSW, Pavlick, Ryan, Rammig, Anja, Technische Univ. Munchen, Garching, Smith, Benjamin, Thomas, Rick, Thonicke, Kirsten, Walker, Anthony P., Yang, Xiaojuan, & Zaehle, Sönke. Model-data synthesis for the next generation of forest free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) experiments. United States. doi:10.1111/nph.13593.
Norby, Richard J., De Kauwe, Martin G., Domingues, Tomas F., Duursma, Remko A., Ellsworth, David S., Goll, Daniel S., Lapola, David M., Luus, Kristina A., MacKenzie, A. Rob, Medlyn, Belinda E., Univ. of Western Sydney, NSW, Pavlick, Ryan, Rammig, Anja, Technische Univ. Munchen, Garching, Smith, Benjamin, Thomas, Rick, Thonicke, Kirsten, Walker, Anthony P., Yang, Xiaojuan, and Zaehle, Sönke. Thu . "Model-data synthesis for the next generation of forest free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) experiments". United States. doi:10.1111/nph.13593. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1343496.
@article{osti_1343496,
title = {Model-data synthesis for the next generation of forest free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) experiments},
author = {Norby, Richard J. and De Kauwe, Martin G. and Domingues, Tomas F. and Duursma, Remko A. and Ellsworth, David S. and Goll, Daniel S. and Lapola, David M. and Luus, Kristina A. and MacKenzie, A. Rob and Medlyn, Belinda E. and Univ. of Western Sydney, NSW and Pavlick, Ryan and Rammig, Anja and Technische Univ. Munchen, Garching and Smith, Benjamin and Thomas, Rick and Thonicke, Kirsten and Walker, Anthony P. and Yang, Xiaojuan and Zaehle, Sönke},
abstractNote = {The first generation of forest free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) experiments has successfully provided deeper understanding about how forests respond to an increasing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere. Located in aggrading stands in the temperate zone, they have provided a strong foundation for testing critical assumptions in terrestrial biosphere models that are being used to project future interactions between forest productivity and the atmosphere, despite the limited inference space of these experiments with regards to the range of global ecosystems. Now, a new generation of FACE experiments in mature forests in different biomes and over a wide range of climate space and biodiversity will significantly expand the inference space. These new experiments are: EucFACE in a mature Eucalyptus stand on highly weathered soil in subtropical Australia; AmazonFACE in a highly diverse, primary rainforest in Brazil; BIFoR-FACE in a 150-yr-old deciduous woodland stand in central England; and SwedFACE proposed in a hemiboreal, Pinus sylvestris stand in Sweden. We now have a unique opportunity to initiate a model–data interaction as an integral part of experimental design and to address a set of cross-site science questions on topics including responses of mature forests; interactions with temperature, water stress, and phosphorus limitation; and the influence of biodiversity.},
doi = {10.1111/nph.13593},
journal = {New Phytologist},
number = 1,
volume = 209,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {8}
}

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