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Title: Dynamic Vertical Profiles of Peat Porewater Chemistry in a Northern Peatland

We measured pH, cations, nutrients, and total organic carbon (TOC) over 3 years to examine weekly to monthly variability in porewater chemistry depth profiles (0–3.0 m) in an ombrotrophic bog in Minnesota, USA. We also compared temporal variation at one location to spatial variation in depth profiles at 16 locations across the bog. Most solutes exhibited large gradients with depth. pH increased by two units and calcium concentrations increased over 20 fold with depth, and may reflect peatland development from minerotrophic to ombrotrophic conditions. Ammonium concentrations increased almost 20 fold and TOC concentrations decreased by half with depth, and these patterns likely reflect mineralization of peat or decomposition of TOC. There was also considerable temporal variation in the porewater chemistry depth profiles. Ammonium, soluble reactive phosphorus, and potassium showed greater temporal variation in near-surface porewater, while pH, calcium, and TOC varied more at depth. This variation demonstrates that deep peat porewater chemistry is not static. Lastly, temporal variation in solute chemistry depth profiles was greater than spatial variation in several instances, especially in shallow porewaters. In conclusion, characterizing both temporal and spatial variability is necessary to ensure representative sampling in peatlands, especially when calculating solute pools and fluxes and parameterizingmore » process-based models.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. USDA Forest Service, Grand Rapids, MN (United States). Northern Research Station
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Wetlands
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 36; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0277-5212
Publisher:
Springer
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; Black spruce-Sphagnum ombrotrophic bog; solute chemistry; spatial and temporal variability; depth profiles; groundwater
OSTI Identifier:
1343494

Griffiths, Natalie A., and Sebestyen, Stephen D.. Dynamic Vertical Profiles of Peat Porewater Chemistry in a Northern Peatland. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1007/s13157-016-0829-5.
Griffiths, Natalie A., & Sebestyen, Stephen D.. Dynamic Vertical Profiles of Peat Porewater Chemistry in a Northern Peatland. United States. doi:10.1007/s13157-016-0829-5.
Griffiths, Natalie A., and Sebestyen, Stephen D.. 2016. "Dynamic Vertical Profiles of Peat Porewater Chemistry in a Northern Peatland". United States. doi:10.1007/s13157-016-0829-5. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1343494.
@article{osti_1343494,
title = {Dynamic Vertical Profiles of Peat Porewater Chemistry in a Northern Peatland},
author = {Griffiths, Natalie A. and Sebestyen, Stephen D.},
abstractNote = {We measured pH, cations, nutrients, and total organic carbon (TOC) over 3 years to examine weekly to monthly variability in porewater chemistry depth profiles (0–3.0 m) in an ombrotrophic bog in Minnesota, USA. We also compared temporal variation at one location to spatial variation in depth profiles at 16 locations across the bog. Most solutes exhibited large gradients with depth. pH increased by two units and calcium concentrations increased over 20 fold with depth, and may reflect peatland development from minerotrophic to ombrotrophic conditions. Ammonium concentrations increased almost 20 fold and TOC concentrations decreased by half with depth, and these patterns likely reflect mineralization of peat or decomposition of TOC. There was also considerable temporal variation in the porewater chemistry depth profiles. Ammonium, soluble reactive phosphorus, and potassium showed greater temporal variation in near-surface porewater, while pH, calcium, and TOC varied more at depth. This variation demonstrates that deep peat porewater chemistry is not static. Lastly, temporal variation in solute chemistry depth profiles was greater than spatial variation in several instances, especially in shallow porewaters. In conclusion, characterizing both temporal and spatial variability is necessary to ensure representative sampling in peatlands, especially when calculating solute pools and fluxes and parameterizing process-based models.},
doi = {10.1007/s13157-016-0829-5},
journal = {Wetlands},
number = 6,
volume = 36,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {10}
}