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Title: Top and bottom surfaces limit carrier lifetime in lead iodide perovskite films

Abstract

Carrier recombination at defects is detrimental to the performance of solar energy conversion systems, including solar cells and photoelectrochemical devices. Point defects are localized within the bulk crystal while extended defects occur at surfaces and grain boundaries. If not properly managed, surfaces can be a large source of carrier recombination. Separating surface carrier dynamics from bulk and/or grain-boundary recombination in thin films is challenging. Here, we employ transient reflection spectroscopy to measure the surface carrier dynamics in methylammonium lead iodide perovskite polycrystalline films. We find that surface recombination limits the total carrier lifetime in perovskite polycrystalline thin films, meaning that recombination inside grains and/or at grain boundaries is less important than top and bottom surface recombination. As a result, the surface recombination velocity in polycrystalline films is nearly an order of magnitude smaller than that in single crystals, possibly due to unintended surface passivation of the films during synthesis.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Renewable Power Office. Solar Energy Technologies Office; USDOE NREL Director's Fellowship; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1343263
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-67004
Journal ID: ISSN 2058-7546
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2058-7546
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; surface recombination; perovskite solar cells; transient spectroscopy; solar cells; solar energy; optical spectroscopy

Citation Formats

Yang, Ye, Yang, Mengjin, Moore, David T., Yan, Yong, Miller, Elisa M., Zhu, Kai, and Beard, Matthew C. Top and bottom surfaces limit carrier lifetime in lead iodide perovskite films. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/nenergy.2016.207.
Yang, Ye, Yang, Mengjin, Moore, David T., Yan, Yong, Miller, Elisa M., Zhu, Kai, & Beard, Matthew C. Top and bottom surfaces limit carrier lifetime in lead iodide perovskite films. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/nenergy.2016.207
Yang, Ye, Yang, Mengjin, Moore, David T., Yan, Yong, Miller, Elisa M., Zhu, Kai, and Beard, Matthew C. Mon . "Top and bottom surfaces limit carrier lifetime in lead iodide perovskite films". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/nenergy.2016.207. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1343263.
@article{osti_1343263,
title = {Top and bottom surfaces limit carrier lifetime in lead iodide perovskite films},
author = {Yang, Ye and Yang, Mengjin and Moore, David T. and Yan, Yong and Miller, Elisa M. and Zhu, Kai and Beard, Matthew C.},
abstractNote = {Carrier recombination at defects is detrimental to the performance of solar energy conversion systems, including solar cells and photoelectrochemical devices. Point defects are localized within the bulk crystal while extended defects occur at surfaces and grain boundaries. If not properly managed, surfaces can be a large source of carrier recombination. Separating surface carrier dynamics from bulk and/or grain-boundary recombination in thin films is challenging. Here, we employ transient reflection spectroscopy to measure the surface carrier dynamics in methylammonium lead iodide perovskite polycrystalline films. We find that surface recombination limits the total carrier lifetime in perovskite polycrystalline thin films, meaning that recombination inside grains and/or at grain boundaries is less important than top and bottom surface recombination. As a result, the surface recombination velocity in polycrystalline films is nearly an order of magnitude smaller than that in single crystals, possibly due to unintended surface passivation of the films during synthesis.},
doi = {10.1038/nenergy.2016.207},
journal = {Nature Energy},
number = 2,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}

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    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 43
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ta08823g

    Organic bulk-heterojunction injected perovskite films for highly efficient solar cells
    journal, January 2019

    • Hu, Ke-Hao; Wang, Zhao-Kui; Meng, Li
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 7, Issue 21
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9tc01058k

    Structural origins of the electronic properties of materials via time-resolved infrared spectroscopy
    journal, January 2019

    • Munson, Kyle T.; Kennehan, Eric R.; Asbury, John B.
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 7, Issue 20
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9tc01348b

    Minimizing performance degradation induced by interfacial recombination in perovskite solar cells through tailoring of the transport layer electronic properties
    journal, March 2018

    • Xu, Liang; Molaei Imenabadi, Rouzbeh; Vandenberghe, William G.
    • APL Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5021138

    Mechanism of surface passivation of methylammonium lead tribromide single crystals by benzylamine
    journal, September 2019

    • Duim, Herman; Fang, Hong-Hua; Adjokatse, Sampson
    • Applied Physics Reviews, Vol. 6, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5088342

    Structural characterization of bulk and nanoparticle lead halide perovskite thin films by (S)TEM techniques
    journal, February 2019


    Carrier lifetimes of >1 μs in Sn-Pb perovskites enable efficient all-perovskite tandem solar cells
    journal, April 2019


    Long-living nonlinear behavior in CsPbBr3 carrier recombination dynamics
    journal, April 2019