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Title: Photophysical properties of wavelength-tunable methylammonium lead halide perovskite nanocrystals

Abstract

Here we present the time-correlated luminescence of isolated nanocrystals of five methylammonium lead mixed-halide perovskite compositions (CH 3NH 3PbBr 3$-$xI x) that were synthesized with varying iodide and bromide anion loading. All analyzed nanocrystals had a spherical morphology with diameters in the range of 2 to 32 nm. The luminescence maxima of CH 3NH 3PbBr 3$-$xI x nanocrystals were tuned to wavelengths ranging between 498 and 740 nm by varying the halide loading. Both CH 3NH 3PbI 3 and CH 3NH 3PbBr 3 nanocrystals exhibited no luminescence intermittency for more than 90% of the 250 s analysis time, as defined by a luminescence intensity three standard deviations above the background. The mixed halide CH 3NH 3PbBr 0.75I 0.25, CH 3NH 3PbBr 0.50I 0.50, and CH 3NH 3PbBr 0.25I 0.75 nanocrystals exhibited luminescence intermittency in 18%, 4% and 26% of the nanocrystals, respectively. Irrespective of luminescence intermittency, luminescence intensities were classified for each nanocrystal as: (a) constant, (b) multimodal, (c) photobrightening, and (d) photobleaching. Finally, based on their photophysics, the CH 3NH 3PbBr 3$-$xI x nanocrystals can be expected to be useful in a wide-range of applications where low and non-intermittent luminescence is desirable, for example as imaging probes and inmore » films for energy conversion devices.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1342920
Report Number(s):
IS-J-9149
Journal ID: ISSN 2050-7526; JMCCCX
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11358
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry. C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2050-7526
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION

Citation Formats

Freppon, Daniel J., Men, Long, Burkhow, Sadie J., Petrich, Jacob W., Vela, Javier, and Smith, Emily A. Photophysical properties of wavelength-tunable methylammonium lead halide perovskite nanocrystals. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1039/C6TC03886G.
Freppon, Daniel J., Men, Long, Burkhow, Sadie J., Petrich, Jacob W., Vela, Javier, & Smith, Emily A. Photophysical properties of wavelength-tunable methylammonium lead halide perovskite nanocrystals. United States. doi:10.1039/C6TC03886G.
Freppon, Daniel J., Men, Long, Burkhow, Sadie J., Petrich, Jacob W., Vela, Javier, and Smith, Emily A. Fri . "Photophysical properties of wavelength-tunable methylammonium lead halide perovskite nanocrystals". United States. doi:10.1039/C6TC03886G. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1342920.
@article{osti_1342920,
title = {Photophysical properties of wavelength-tunable methylammonium lead halide perovskite nanocrystals},
author = {Freppon, Daniel J. and Men, Long and Burkhow, Sadie J. and Petrich, Jacob W. and Vela, Javier and Smith, Emily A.},
abstractNote = {Here we present the time-correlated luminescence of isolated nanocrystals of five methylammonium lead mixed-halide perovskite compositions (CH3NH3PbBr3$-$xIx) that were synthesized with varying iodide and bromide anion loading. All analyzed nanocrystals had a spherical morphology with diameters in the range of 2 to 32 nm. The luminescence maxima of CH3NH3PbBr3$-$xIx nanocrystals were tuned to wavelengths ranging between 498 and 740 nm by varying the halide loading. Both CH3NH3PbI3 and CH3NH3PbBr3 nanocrystals exhibited no luminescence intermittency for more than 90% of the 250 s analysis time, as defined by a luminescence intensity three standard deviations above the background. The mixed halide CH3NH3PbBr0.75I0.25, CH3NH3PbBr0.50I0.50, and CH3NH3PbBr0.25I0.75 nanocrystals exhibited luminescence intermittency in 18%, 4% and 26% of the nanocrystals, respectively. Irrespective of luminescence intermittency, luminescence intensities were classified for each nanocrystal as: (a) constant, (b) multimodal, (c) photobrightening, and (d) photobleaching. Finally, based on their photophysics, the CH3NH3PbBr3$-$xIx nanocrystals can be expected to be useful in a wide-range of applications where low and non-intermittent luminescence is desirable, for example as imaging probes and in films for energy conversion devices.},
doi = {10.1039/C6TC03886G},
journal = {Journal of Materials Chemistry. C},
number = 1,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {11}
}

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