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Title: Methane hydrate formation in confined nanospace can surpass nature

Abstract

Natural methane hydrates are believed to be the largest source of hydrocarbons on Earth. These structures are formed in specific locations such as deep-sea sediments and the permafrost based on demanding conditions of high pressure and low temperature. We report that, by taking advantage of the confinement effects on nanopore space, synthetic methane hydrates grow under mild conditions (3.5 MPa and 2 degrees C), with faster kinetics (within minutes) than nature, fully reversibly and with a nominal stoichiometry that mimics nature. Furthermore, the formation of the hydrate structures in nanospace and their similarity to natural hydrates is confirmed using inelastic neutron scattering experiments and synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction. Our findings may be a step towards the application of a smart synthesis of methane hydrates in energy-demanding applications (for example, transportation).

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [1];  [6];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Alicante, San Vincente del Raspeig (Spain). Univ. Inst. of Materials
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical and Engineering Materials Division
  3. Polytechnic Univ. of Valencia (Spain). Inst. of Chemical Technology
  4. Inst. of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ), Tarragona (Spain)
  5. ALBA Light Source, Barcelona (Spain)
  6. Shinshu Univ., Nagano (Japan). Research Center for Exotic Nanocarbons
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1342661
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Casco, Mirian E., Silvestre-Albero, Joaquín, Ramírez-Cuesta, Anibal J., Rey, Fernando, Jordá, Jose L., Bansode, Atul, Urakawa, Atsushi, Peral, Inma, Martínez-Escandell, Manuel, Kaneko, Katsumi, and Rodríguez-Reinoso, Francisco. Methane hydrate formation in confined nanospace can surpass nature. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1038/ncomms7432.
Casco, Mirian E., Silvestre-Albero, Joaquín, Ramírez-Cuesta, Anibal J., Rey, Fernando, Jordá, Jose L., Bansode, Atul, Urakawa, Atsushi, Peral, Inma, Martínez-Escandell, Manuel, Kaneko, Katsumi, & Rodríguez-Reinoso, Francisco. Methane hydrate formation in confined nanospace can surpass nature. United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms7432.
Casco, Mirian E., Silvestre-Albero, Joaquín, Ramírez-Cuesta, Anibal J., Rey, Fernando, Jordá, Jose L., Bansode, Atul, Urakawa, Atsushi, Peral, Inma, Martínez-Escandell, Manuel, Kaneko, Katsumi, and Rodríguez-Reinoso, Francisco. Mon . "Methane hydrate formation in confined nanospace can surpass nature". United States. doi:10.1038/ncomms7432. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1342661.
@article{osti_1342661,
title = {Methane hydrate formation in confined nanospace can surpass nature},
author = {Casco, Mirian E. and Silvestre-Albero, Joaquín and Ramírez-Cuesta, Anibal J. and Rey, Fernando and Jordá, Jose L. and Bansode, Atul and Urakawa, Atsushi and Peral, Inma and Martínez-Escandell, Manuel and Kaneko, Katsumi and Rodríguez-Reinoso, Francisco},
abstractNote = {Natural methane hydrates are believed to be the largest source of hydrocarbons on Earth. These structures are formed in specific locations such as deep-sea sediments and the permafrost based on demanding conditions of high pressure and low temperature. We report that, by taking advantage of the confinement effects on nanopore space, synthetic methane hydrates grow under mild conditions (3.5 MPa and 2 degrees C), with faster kinetics (within minutes) than nature, fully reversibly and with a nominal stoichiometry that mimics nature. Furthermore, the formation of the hydrate structures in nanospace and their similarity to natural hydrates is confirmed using inelastic neutron scattering experiments and synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction. Our findings may be a step towards the application of a smart synthesis of methane hydrates in energy-demanding applications (for example, transportation).},
doi = {10.1038/ncomms7432},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = ,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {3}
}

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