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Title: Understanding the Degradation Mechanism of Lithium Nickel Oxide Cathodes for Li-Ion Batteries

The phase transition, charge compensation, and local chemical environment of Ni in LiNiO 2 were investigated to understand the degradation mechanism. The electrode was subjected to a variety of bulk and surface-sensitive characterization techniques under different charge–discharge cycling conditions. We observed the phase transition from the original hexagonal H1 phase to another two hexagonal phases (H2 and H3) upon Li deintercalation. Moreover, the gradual loss of H3-phase features was revealed during the repeated charges. The reduction in Ni redox activity occurred at both the charge and the discharge states, and it appeared both in the bulk and at the surface over the extended cycles. In conclusion, the degradation of crystal structure significantly contributes to the reduction of Ni redox activity, which in turn causes the cycling performance decay of LiNiO 2.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL)
  4. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1944-8244; VT1201000; TRN: US1701297
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704; AC02-05CH11231; AC02-76SF00515
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 46; Journal ID: ISSN 1944-8244
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
25 ENERGY STORAGE; Ni-rich layered oxide cathode; capacity fade; phase evolution; redox reaction; surface characteristics; Li-ion batteries; National Synchrotron Light Source II
OSTI Identifier: