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Title: Cryogenic gamma detectors enable direct detection of 236U and minor actinides for non-destructive assay [Cryogenic gamma detectors enable direct detection of minor actinides for non-destructive assay]

Abstract

Here, we demonstrate the utility of a superconducting transition edge sensor (TES) γ-ray detector with high energy resolution and low Compton background for non-destructive assay (NDA) of a uranium sample from reprocessed nuclear fuel. We show that TES γ-detectors can separate low energy actinide γ-emissions from the background and nearby lines, even from minor isotopes whose signals are often obscured in NDA with conventional Ge detectors. Superconducting γ detectors may therefore bridge the gap between high-accuracy destructive assay (DA) and easier to-use NDA.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [2]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); INAOE, Santa Maria Tonatzintla (Mexico)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Savannah River National Lab., Aiken, SC (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1342051
Report Number(s):
LLNL-CONF-669969
Journal ID: ISSN 0236-5731; PII: 4409
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 307; Journal Issue: 3; Conference: Methods and Applications of Radioanalytical Chemistry X, Kona, HI (United States), 12-17 Apr 2015; Journal ID: ISSN 0236-5731
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; Superconducting gamma detectors; Transition edge sensors; Non-destructive analysis; Uranium isotopic analysis; Minor actinides

Citation Formats

Velazquez, Miguel, Dreyer, Jonathan, Drury, Owen B., Salaymeh, Saleem, and Friedrich, Stephan. Cryogenic gamma detectors enable direct detection of 236U and minor actinides for non-destructive assay [Cryogenic gamma detectors enable direct detection of minor actinides for non-destructive assay]. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1007/s10967-015-4409-6.
Velazquez, Miguel, Dreyer, Jonathan, Drury, Owen B., Salaymeh, Saleem, & Friedrich, Stephan. Cryogenic gamma detectors enable direct detection of 236U and minor actinides for non-destructive assay [Cryogenic gamma detectors enable direct detection of minor actinides for non-destructive assay]. United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-015-4409-6.
Velazquez, Miguel, Dreyer, Jonathan, Drury, Owen B., Salaymeh, Saleem, and Friedrich, Stephan. Sat . "Cryogenic gamma detectors enable direct detection of 236U and minor actinides for non-destructive assay [Cryogenic gamma detectors enable direct detection of minor actinides for non-destructive assay]". United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-015-4409-6. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1342051.
@article{osti_1342051,
title = {Cryogenic gamma detectors enable direct detection of 236U and minor actinides for non-destructive assay [Cryogenic gamma detectors enable direct detection of minor actinides for non-destructive assay]},
author = {Velazquez, Miguel and Dreyer, Jonathan and Drury, Owen B. and Salaymeh, Saleem and Friedrich, Stephan},
abstractNote = {Here, we demonstrate the utility of a superconducting transition edge sensor (TES) γ-ray detector with high energy resolution and low Compton background for non-destructive assay (NDA) of a uranium sample from reprocessed nuclear fuel. We show that TES γ-detectors can separate low energy actinide γ-emissions from the background and nearby lines, even from minor isotopes whose signals are often obscured in NDA with conventional Ge detectors. Superconducting γ detectors may therefore bridge the gap between high-accuracy destructive assay (DA) and easier to-use NDA.},
doi = {10.1007/s10967-015-4409-6},
journal = {Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry},
number = 3,
volume = 307,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {9}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

A high resolution gamma-ray spectrometer based on superconducting microcalorimeters
journal, September 2012

  • Bennett, D. A.; Horansky, R. D.; Schmidt, D. R.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4754630

High-resolution operation of frequency-multiplexed transition-edge photon sensors
journal, July 2002

  • Cunningham, M. F.; Ullom, J. N.; Miyazaki, T.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 81, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1489486