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Title: Zero-Kelvin compression isotherms of the elements 1 ≤ Z ≤ 92 to 100 GPa [Zero-Kelvin compression isotherms of the elements 1 ≤ Z ≤ 90 to 100 GPa (1 megabar)]

Most of the chemical elements have now been compressed close to or above 100 GPa (1 Mbar) pressure in diamond-anvil cells and the pressure–volume room-temperature isotherms have been measured. We collect these data and use simple lattice-dynamics models to reduce the isotherms to 0 K. We have extended the published work by making new diamond-anvil-cell measurements on Cr and Rh, and by conducting density-functional calculations on the elements Po, At, Rn, Fr, Ra, and Ac. The 0 K data are tabulated for all elements 1 ≤ Z ≤ 92 and 0 ≤ P ≤ 100 GPa. These data are useful for generating wide-range equation of state models and for studying the stability of chemical compounds at high pressure (“Megabar chemistry”). As a result, the tables presented here are intended to be reference thermodynamic tables for use in high-pressure research. Further experimental and theoretical work will be needed to extend the tables to higher pressure and to improve accuracy.
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  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0047-2689; TRN: US1701342
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 45; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0047-2689
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; chemical elements; equation of state; high pressure; isotherms; megabar chemistry; periodic table
OSTI Identifier: