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Title: Surface Pb nanoparticle aggregation, coalescence and differential capacitance in a deep eutectic solvent using a simultaneous sample-rotated small angle x-ray scattering and electrochemical methods approach [Surface Pb nanoparticle aggregation, coalescence and differential capacitance in a deep eutectic solvent using a simultaneous grazing transmission small angle x-ray scattering and electrochemical methods approach]

Nanoparticle electrodeposition is a simple and scalable approach to synthesizing supported nanoparticles. Used with a deep eutectic solvent (DES), surface nanoparticles can be assembled and exhibit unique surface charge separation when the DES is adsorbed on the nanoparticle surface. Key to understanding and controlling the assembly and the capacitance is a thorough understanding of surface particle mobility and charge screening, which requires an in-situ approach. In this study, Pb particle formation, size, shape and capacitance are resolved in a 1:2 choline Cl : urea deep eutectic solvent whilst sweeping the cell potential in the range: 0.2 V to –1.2 V (vs. Ag/AgCl). These system parameters were resolved using a complementary suite of sample-rotated small angle X-ray scattering (SR-SAXS) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), which are presented and discussed in detail. This approach is able to show that both particle and ion transport are impeded in the DES, as aggregation occurs over the course of 6 minutes, and dissolved Pb ions accumulate and remain near the surface after a nucleation pulse is applied. The DES-Pb interactions strongly depend on the cell potential as evidenced by the specific differential capacitance of the Pb deposit, which has a maximum value of 2.5 +/–more » 0.5 F g –1 at –1.0 V vs. Ag/AgCl. Together, the SR-SAXS-EIS approach is able to characterize the unique nanoparticle capacitance, mobility and ion mobility in a DES and can be used to study a wide range of nanoparticle deposition systems in-situ.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-701206
Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4686
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Electrochimica Acta
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 228; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4686
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; nanoparticle; synthesis; electrodeposition; deep eutectic solvent; stability; X-ray scattering; SAXS; USAXS; impedance; electrostatic; capacitance; differential capacitance; aggregation; coalescence; Pb nanoparticles
OSTI Identifier:
1342012
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1397632

Hammons, Joshua A., and Ilavsky, Jan. Surface Pb nanoparticle aggregation, coalescence and differential capacitance in a deep eutectic solvent using a simultaneous sample-rotated small angle x-ray scattering and electrochemical methods approach [Surface Pb nanoparticle aggregation, coalescence and differential capacitance in a deep eutectic solvent using a simultaneous grazing transmission small angle x-ray scattering and electrochemical methods approach]. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2017.01.072.
Hammons, Joshua A., & Ilavsky, Jan. Surface Pb nanoparticle aggregation, coalescence and differential capacitance in a deep eutectic solvent using a simultaneous sample-rotated small angle x-ray scattering and electrochemical methods approach [Surface Pb nanoparticle aggregation, coalescence and differential capacitance in a deep eutectic solvent using a simultaneous grazing transmission small angle x-ray scattering and electrochemical methods approach]. United States. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2017.01.072.
Hammons, Joshua A., and Ilavsky, Jan. 2017. "Surface Pb nanoparticle aggregation, coalescence and differential capacitance in a deep eutectic solvent using a simultaneous sample-rotated small angle x-ray scattering and electrochemical methods approach [Surface Pb nanoparticle aggregation, coalescence and differential capacitance in a deep eutectic solvent using a simultaneous grazing transmission small angle x-ray scattering and electrochemical methods approach]". United States. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2017.01.072. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1342012.
@article{osti_1342012,
title = {Surface Pb nanoparticle aggregation, coalescence and differential capacitance in a deep eutectic solvent using a simultaneous sample-rotated small angle x-ray scattering and electrochemical methods approach [Surface Pb nanoparticle aggregation, coalescence and differential capacitance in a deep eutectic solvent using a simultaneous grazing transmission small angle x-ray scattering and electrochemical methods approach]},
author = {Hammons, Joshua A. and Ilavsky, Jan},
abstractNote = {Nanoparticle electrodeposition is a simple and scalable approach to synthesizing supported nanoparticles. Used with a deep eutectic solvent (DES), surface nanoparticles can be assembled and exhibit unique surface charge separation when the DES is adsorbed on the nanoparticle surface. Key to understanding and controlling the assembly and the capacitance is a thorough understanding of surface particle mobility and charge screening, which requires an in-situ approach. In this study, Pb particle formation, size, shape and capacitance are resolved in a 1:2 choline Cl–: urea deep eutectic solvent whilst sweeping the cell potential in the range: 0.2 V to –1.2 V (vs. Ag/AgCl). These system parameters were resolved using a complementary suite of sample-rotated small angle X-ray scattering (SR-SAXS) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), which are presented and discussed in detail. This approach is able to show that both particle and ion transport are impeded in the DES, as aggregation occurs over the course of 6 minutes, and dissolved Pb ions accumulate and remain near the surface after a nucleation pulse is applied. The DES-Pb interactions strongly depend on the cell potential as evidenced by the specific differential capacitance of the Pb deposit, which has a maximum value of 2.5 +/– 0.5 F g–1 at –1.0 V vs. Ag/AgCl. Together, the SR-SAXS-EIS approach is able to characterize the unique nanoparticle capacitance, mobility and ion mobility in a DES and can be used to study a wide range of nanoparticle deposition systems in-situ.},
doi = {10.1016/j.electacta.2017.01.072},
journal = {Electrochimica Acta},
number = C,
volume = 228,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {1}
}