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Title: Using inertial fusion implosions to measure the T + He 3 fusion cross section at nucleosynthesis-relevant energies

Abstract

Light nuclei were created during big-bang nucleosynthesis (BBN). Standard BBN theory, using rates inferred from accelerator-beam data, cannot explain high levels of 6Li in low-metallicity stars. Using high-energy-density plasmas we measure the T( 3He,γ) 6Li reaction rate, a candidate for anomalously high 6Li production; we find that the rate is too low to explain the observations, and different than values used in common BBN models. As a result, this is the first data directly relevant to BBN, and also the first use of laboratory plasmas, at comparable conditions to astrophysical systems, to address a problem in nuclear astrophysics.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [2];  [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [2];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [7];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [8];  [7];  [3];  [7] more »;  [3];  [7];  [3] « less
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  3. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  4. AWE plc, Reading (United Kingdom)
  5. Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States)
  6. Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States)
  7. Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)
  8. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  9. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
LLNL; LLE; FSC; NLUF; National Science Foundation (NSF); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1341857
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1261687; OSTI ID: 1266027; OSTI ID: 1266028; OSTI ID: 1266029; OSTI ID: 1374516
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-15-29245; LLNL-JRNL-734488
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; TRN: US1701791
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396; NA0001857; FC52-08NA28752; FG02-88ER40387; NA0001837; B597367; 20150717PRD2; 415935- G; NA0002035; NA0002726; NA0002949; AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Zylstra, Alex B., Herrmann, Hans W., Johnson, M. Gatu, Kim, Yong Ho, Frenje, J. A., Hale, Gerald M., Li, C. K., Rubery, M., Paris, Mark W., Bacher, A., Brune, C. R., Forrest, C., Glebov, V. Yu., Janezic, R., McNabb, D., Nikroo, A., Pino, J., Sangster, T. C., Seguin, F. H., Seka, W., Sio, H., Stoeckl, C., and Petrasso, R. D. Using inertial fusion implosions to measure the T+He3 fusion cross section at nucleosynthesis-relevant energies. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.035002.
Zylstra, Alex B., Herrmann, Hans W., Johnson, M. Gatu, Kim, Yong Ho, Frenje, J. A., Hale, Gerald M., Li, C. K., Rubery, M., Paris, Mark W., Bacher, A., Brune, C. R., Forrest, C., Glebov, V. Yu., Janezic, R., McNabb, D., Nikroo, A., Pino, J., Sangster, T. C., Seguin, F. H., Seka, W., Sio, H., Stoeckl, C., & Petrasso, R. D. Using inertial fusion implosions to measure the T+He3 fusion cross section at nucleosynthesis-relevant energies. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.035002.
Zylstra, Alex B., Herrmann, Hans W., Johnson, M. Gatu, Kim, Yong Ho, Frenje, J. A., Hale, Gerald M., Li, C. K., Rubery, M., Paris, Mark W., Bacher, A., Brune, C. R., Forrest, C., Glebov, V. Yu., Janezic, R., McNabb, D., Nikroo, A., Pino, J., Sangster, T. C., Seguin, F. H., Seka, W., Sio, H., Stoeckl, C., and Petrasso, R. D. Mon . "Using inertial fusion implosions to measure the T+He3 fusion cross section at nucleosynthesis-relevant energies". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.035002. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1341857.
@article{osti_1341857,
title = {Using inertial fusion implosions to measure the T+He3 fusion cross section at nucleosynthesis-relevant energies},
author = {Zylstra, Alex B. and Herrmann, Hans W. and Johnson, M. Gatu and Kim, Yong Ho and Frenje, J. A. and Hale, Gerald M. and Li, C. K. and Rubery, M. and Paris, Mark W. and Bacher, A. and Brune, C. R. and Forrest, C. and Glebov, V. Yu. and Janezic, R. and McNabb, D. and Nikroo, A. and Pino, J. and Sangster, T. C. and Seguin, F. H. and Seka, W. and Sio, H. and Stoeckl, C. and Petrasso, R. D.},
abstractNote = {Light nuclei were created during big-bang nucleosynthesis (BBN). Standard BBN theory, using rates inferred from accelerator-beam data, cannot explain high levels of 6Li in low-metallicity stars. Using high-energy-density plasmas we measure the T(3He,γ)6Li reaction rate, a candidate for anomalously high 6Li production; we find that the rate is too low to explain the observations, and different than values used in common BBN models. As a result, this is the first data directly relevant to BBN, and also the first use of laboratory plasmas, at comparable conditions to astrophysical systems, to address a problem in nuclear astrophysics.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.035002},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 3,
volume = 117,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {7}
}

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