skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: Manganese oxide/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) hybrid electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction in alkaline fuel cells

Manganese oxide/poly(3,4-ethylene-dioxythiophene) (MnO x/ PEDOT) nanostructured hybrid thin films were prepared using a simple anodic electrodeposition process from aqueous solution, and then tested for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity in alkaline electrolyte using rotating disk electrode and rotating ring disk electrode methods. MnO x/PEDOT provided improvements over MnO x-only and PEDOT-only control films, with > 0.2 V decrease in onset and half-wave overpotentials, and > 1.5 times increase in terminal current density. The MnO x/PEDOT film exhibited only a slightly lower n value (n = 3.86-3.92) than the 20% Pt/C benchmark electrocatalyst (n = 3.98) across all potentials. MnO x/PEDOT also displayed a more positive half-wave potential and superior electrocatalytic selectivity for the ORR upon methanol exposure than 20% Pt/C. Here, the high activity and synergism of MnO x/PEDOT towards the ORR is attributed to effective intermixing/dispersion of the two materials, intimate substrate contact with improved charge transfer processes attained by co-electrodepositing MnO x with PEDOT and due to the increase in Mn 3+ content at the surface of the oxide.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND2017-0769J
Journal ID: ISSN 1938-6737; 650697
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ECS Transactions (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: ECS Transactions (Online); Journal Volume: 75; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 1938-6737
Publisher:
Electrochemical Society
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION
OSTI Identifier:
1341750