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Title: The PROSPECT physics program

Abstract

The precision reactor oscillation and spectrum experiment, PROSPECT, is designed to make a precise measurement of the antineutrino spectrum from a highly-enriched uranium reactor and probe eV-scale sterile neutrinos by searching for neutrino oscillations over a distance of several meters. The subject of this paper, PROSPECT, is conceived as a 2-phase experiment utilizing segmented 6Li-doped liquid scintillator detectors for both efficient detection of reactor antineutrinos through the inverse beta decay reaction and excellent background discrimination. PROSPECT Phase I consists of a movable 3 ton antineutrino detector at distances of 7–12 m from the reactor core. It will probe the best-fit point of the νe disappearance experiments at 4σ in 1 year and the favored region of the sterile neutrino parameter space at > 3σ in 3 years. With a second antineutrino detector at 15–19 m from the reactor, Phase II of PROSPECT can probe the entire allowed parameter space below 10 eV2 at 5σ in 3 additional years. Finally, the measurement of the reactor antineutrino spectrum and the search for short-baseline oscillations with PROSPECT will test the origin of the spectral deviations observed in recent θ13 experiments, search for sterile neutrinos, and conclusively address the hypothesis of sterile neutrinos asmore » an explanation of the reactor anomaly.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Contributing Org.:
The PROSPECT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1341647
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1341950
Report Number(s):
BNL-113366-2016-JA; LLNL-JRNL-680497
Journal ID: ISSN 0954-3899; R&D Project: PO-022; KA2201020; TRN: US1701371
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. G, Nuclear and Particle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0954-3899
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; reactor antineutrino; oscillation; reactor neutrino experiments; scintillator detectors; research reactors; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; neutrino oscillation

Citation Formats

Ashenfelter, J., Balantekin, A. B., Band, H. R., Barclay, G., Bass, C. D., Berish, D., Bignell, L., Bowden, N. S., Bowes, A., Brodsky, J. P., Bryan, C. D., Cherwinka, J. J., Chu, R., Classen, T., Commeford, K., Conant, A. J., Davee, D., Dean, D., Deichert, G., Diwan, M. V., Dolinski, M. J., Dolph, J., DuVernois, M., Erickson, A. S., Febbraro, M. T., Gaison, J. K., Galindo-Uribarri, A., Gilje, K., Glenn, A., Goddard, B. W., Green, M., Hackett, B. T., Han, K., Hans, S., Heeger, K. M., Heffron, B., Insler, J., Jaffe, D. E., Jones, D., Langford, T. J., Littlejohn, B. R., Caicedo, D. A. Martinez, Matta, J. T., McKeown, R. D., Mendenhall, M. P., Mueller, P. E., Mumm, H. P., Napolitano, J., Neilson, R., Nikkel, J. A., Norcini, D., Pushin, D., Qian, X., Romero, E., Rosero, R., Seilhan, B. S., Sharma, R., Sheets, S., Surukuchi, P. T., Trinh, C., Varner, R. L., Viren, B., Wang, W., White, B., White, C., Wilhelmi, J., Williams, C., Wise, T., Yao, H., Yeh, M., Yen, Y-R, Zangakis, G. Z., Zhang, C., and Zhang, X. The PROSPECT physics program. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1088/0954-3899/43/11/113001.
Ashenfelter, J., Balantekin, A. B., Band, H. R., Barclay, G., Bass, C. D., Berish, D., Bignell, L., Bowden, N. S., Bowes, A., Brodsky, J. P., Bryan, C. D., Cherwinka, J. J., Chu, R., Classen, T., Commeford, K., Conant, A. J., Davee, D., Dean, D., Deichert, G., Diwan, M. V., Dolinski, M. J., Dolph, J., DuVernois, M., Erickson, A. S., Febbraro, M. T., Gaison, J. K., Galindo-Uribarri, A., Gilje, K., Glenn, A., Goddard, B. W., Green, M., Hackett, B. T., Han, K., Hans, S., Heeger, K. M., Heffron, B., Insler, J., Jaffe, D. E., Jones, D., Langford, T. J., Littlejohn, B. R., Caicedo, D. A. Martinez, Matta, J. T., McKeown, R. D., Mendenhall, M. P., Mueller, P. E., Mumm, H. P., Napolitano, J., Neilson, R., Nikkel, J. A., Norcini, D., Pushin, D., Qian, X., Romero, E., Rosero, R., Seilhan, B. S., Sharma, R., Sheets, S., Surukuchi, P. T., Trinh, C., Varner, R. L., Viren, B., Wang, W., White, B., White, C., Wilhelmi, J., Williams, C., Wise, T., Yao, H., Yeh, M., Yen, Y-R, Zangakis, G. Z., Zhang, C., & Zhang, X. The PROSPECT physics program. United States. doi:10.1088/0954-3899/43/11/113001.
Ashenfelter, J., Balantekin, A. B., Band, H. R., Barclay, G., Bass, C. D., Berish, D., Bignell, L., Bowden, N. S., Bowes, A., Brodsky, J. P., Bryan, C. D., Cherwinka, J. J., Chu, R., Classen, T., Commeford, K., Conant, A. J., Davee, D., Dean, D., Deichert, G., Diwan, M. V., Dolinski, M. J., Dolph, J., DuVernois, M., Erickson, A. S., Febbraro, M. T., Gaison, J. K., Galindo-Uribarri, A., Gilje, K., Glenn, A., Goddard, B. W., Green, M., Hackett, B. T., Han, K., Hans, S., Heeger, K. M., Heffron, B., Insler, J., Jaffe, D. E., Jones, D., Langford, T. J., Littlejohn, B. R., Caicedo, D. A. Martinez, Matta, J. T., McKeown, R. D., Mendenhall, M. P., Mueller, P. E., Mumm, H. P., Napolitano, J., Neilson, R., Nikkel, J. A., Norcini, D., Pushin, D., Qian, X., Romero, E., Rosero, R., Seilhan, B. S., Sharma, R., Sheets, S., Surukuchi, P. T., Trinh, C., Varner, R. L., Viren, B., Wang, W., White, B., White, C., Wilhelmi, J., Williams, C., Wise, T., Yao, H., Yeh, M., Yen, Y-R, Zangakis, G. Z., Zhang, C., and Zhang, X. Mon . "The PROSPECT physics program". United States. doi:10.1088/0954-3899/43/11/113001. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1341647.
@article{osti_1341647,
title = {The PROSPECT physics program},
author = {Ashenfelter, J. and Balantekin, A. B. and Band, H. R. and Barclay, G. and Bass, C. D. and Berish, D. and Bignell, L. and Bowden, N. S. and Bowes, A. and Brodsky, J. P. and Bryan, C. D. and Cherwinka, J. J. and Chu, R. and Classen, T. and Commeford, K. and Conant, A. J. and Davee, D. and Dean, D. and Deichert, G. and Diwan, M. V. and Dolinski, M. J. and Dolph, J. and DuVernois, M. and Erickson, A. S. and Febbraro, M. T. and Gaison, J. K. and Galindo-Uribarri, A. and Gilje, K. and Glenn, A. and Goddard, B. W. and Green, M. and Hackett, B. T. and Han, K. and Hans, S. and Heeger, K. M. and Heffron, B. and Insler, J. and Jaffe, D. E. and Jones, D. and Langford, T. J. and Littlejohn, B. R. and Caicedo, D. A. Martinez and Matta, J. T. and McKeown, R. D. and Mendenhall, M. P. and Mueller, P. E. and Mumm, H. P. and Napolitano, J. and Neilson, R. and Nikkel, J. A. and Norcini, D. and Pushin, D. and Qian, X. and Romero, E. and Rosero, R. and Seilhan, B. S. and Sharma, R. and Sheets, S. and Surukuchi, P. T. and Trinh, C. and Varner, R. L. and Viren, B. and Wang, W. and White, B. and White, C. and Wilhelmi, J. and Williams, C. and Wise, T. and Yao, H. and Yeh, M. and Yen, Y-R and Zangakis, G. Z. and Zhang, C. and Zhang, X.},
abstractNote = {The precision reactor oscillation and spectrum experiment, PROSPECT, is designed to make a precise measurement of the antineutrino spectrum from a highly-enriched uranium reactor and probe eV-scale sterile neutrinos by searching for neutrino oscillations over a distance of several meters. The subject of this paper, PROSPECT, is conceived as a 2-phase experiment utilizing segmented 6Li-doped liquid scintillator detectors for both efficient detection of reactor antineutrinos through the inverse beta decay reaction and excellent background discrimination. PROSPECT Phase I consists of a movable 3 ton antineutrino detector at distances of 7–12 m from the reactor core. It will probe the best-fit point of the νe disappearance experiments at 4σ in 1 year and the favored region of the sterile neutrino parameter space at > 3σ in 3 years. With a second antineutrino detector at 15–19 m from the reactor, Phase II of PROSPECT can probe the entire allowed parameter space below 10 eV2 at 5σ in 3 additional years. Finally, the measurement of the reactor antineutrino spectrum and the search for short-baseline oscillations with PROSPECT will test the origin of the spectral deviations observed in recent θ13 experiments, search for sterile neutrinos, and conclusively address the hypothesis of sterile neutrinos as an explanation of the reactor anomaly.},
doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/43/11/113001},
journal = {Journal of Physics. G, Nuclear and Particle Physics},
number = 11,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {10}
}

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