skip to main content


Title: The effect of carbon on the microstructures, mechanical properties, and deformation mechanisms of thermo-mechanically treated Fe 40.4Ni 11.3Mn 34.8Al 7.5Cr 6 high entropy alloys

We investigated the effects of cold rolling followed by annealing on the mechanical properties and dislocation substructure evolution of undoped and 1.1 at. % carbon-doped Fe 40.4Ni 11.3Mn 34.8Al 7.5Cr 6 high entropy alloys (HEAs). X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atom probe tomography (APT) were employed to characterize the microstructures. The as-cast HEAs were coarse-grained and single phase f.c.c., whereas the thermo-mechanical treatment caused recrystallization (to fine grain sizes) and precipitation (a B2 phase for the undoped HEA; and a B2 phase, and M 23C 6 and M 7C 3 carbides for the C-doped HEA). Carbon, which was found to have segregated to the grain boundaries using APT, retarded recrystallization. The reduction in grain size resulted in a sharp increase in strength, while the precipitation, which produced only a small increase in strength, probably accounted for the small decrease in ductility for both undoped and C-doped HEAs. For both undoped and C-doped HEAs, the smaller grain-sized material initially exhibited higher strain hardening than the coarse-grained material but showed a much lower strain hardening at large tensile strains. Wavy slip in the undoped HEAs and planar slip in C-doped HEAs were found at the earlymore » stages of deformation irrespective of grain size. At higher strains, dislocation cell structures formed in the 19 μm grain-sized undoped HEA, while microbands formed in the 23 μm grain-sized C-doped HEA. Conversely, localized dislocation clusters were found in both HEAs at the finest grain sizes (5 μm). The inhibition of grain subdivision by the grain boundaries and precipitates lead to the transformation from regular dislocation configurations consisting of dislocation-cells and microbands to irregular dislocation configurations consisting of localized dislocation clusters, which further account for the decrease in ductility. Our investigation of the formation mechanism and strain hardening of dislocation cells and microbands could benefit future structural material design.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH (United States). Thayer School of Engineering
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Science
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; FG02-07ER46392
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Acta Materialia
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 126; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6454
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; high entropy alloy; microstructures; mechanical properties; dislocation structures; strain hardening
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1420000