skip to main content


Title: Development and application of a real-time testbed for multiagent system interoperability: A case study on hierarchical microgrid control

This article presents the development and application of a real-time testbed for multiagent system interoperability. As utility independent private microgrids are installed constantly, standardized interoperability frameworks are required to define behavioral models of the individual agents for expandability and plug-and-play operation. In this paper, we propose a comprehensive hybrid agent framework combining the foundation for intelligent physical agents (FIPA), IEC 61850, and data distribution service (DDS) standards. The IEC 61850 logical node concept is extended using FIPA based agent communication language (ACL) with application specific attributes and deliberative behavior modeling capability. The DDS middleware is adopted to enable a real-time publisher-subscriber interoperability mechanism between platforms. The proposed multi-agent framework was validated in a laboratory based testbed involving developed intelligent electronic device (IED) prototypes and actual microgrid setups. Experimental results were demonstrated for both decentralized and distributed control approaches. Secondary and tertiary control levels of a microgrid were demonstrated for decentralized hierarchical control case study. A consensus-based economic dispatch case study was demonstrated as a distributed control example. Finally, it was shown that the developed agent platform is industrially applicable for actual smart grid field deployment.
 [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Florida Intl Univ., Miami, FL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: PP; Journal Issue: 99; Journal ID: ISSN 1949-3053
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Research Org:
Florida International Univ., Miami, FL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE), Power Systems Engineering Research and Development (R&D) (OE-10); US Department of the Navy, Office of Naval Research (ONR)
Country of Publication:
United States
97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; microgrid; FIPA; multiagent; IEC 61850; DDS; interoperability; decentralized control; distributed control
OSTI Identifier: