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Title: Characterization of the scintillation anisotropy in crystalline stilbene scintillator detectors

This study reports a series of measurements that characterize the directional dependence of the scintillation response of crystalline melt-grown and solution-grown trans-stilbene to incident DT and DD neutrons. These measurements give the amplitude and pulse shape dependence on the proton recoil direction over one hemisphere of the crystal, confirming and extending previous results in the literature for melt-grown stilbene and providing the first measurements for solution-grown stilbene. In similar measurements of liquid and plastic detectors, no directional dependence was observed, confirming the hypothesis that the anisotropy in stilbene and other organic crystal scintillators is a result of internal effects due to the molecular or crystal structure and not an external effect on the measurement system.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND-2016-12001J
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002; PII: S0168900216311342
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 859; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; stilbene; organic scintillator; neutron detection; scintillation anisotropy
OSTI Identifier:
1340698
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1418374

Schuster, P., and Brubaker, E.. Characterization of the scintillation anisotropy in crystalline stilbene scintillator detectors. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2016.11.016.
Schuster, P., & Brubaker, E.. Characterization of the scintillation anisotropy in crystalline stilbene scintillator detectors. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2016.11.016.
Schuster, P., and Brubaker, E.. 2016. "Characterization of the scintillation anisotropy in crystalline stilbene scintillator detectors". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2016.11.016. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1340698.
@article{osti_1340698,
title = {Characterization of the scintillation anisotropy in crystalline stilbene scintillator detectors},
author = {Schuster, P. and Brubaker, E.},
abstractNote = {This study reports a series of measurements that characterize the directional dependence of the scintillation response of crystalline melt-grown and solution-grown trans-stilbene to incident DT and DD neutrons. These measurements give the amplitude and pulse shape dependence on the proton recoil direction over one hemisphere of the crystal, confirming and extending previous results in the literature for melt-grown stilbene and providing the first measurements for solution-grown stilbene. In similar measurements of liquid and plastic detectors, no directional dependence was observed, confirming the hypothesis that the anisotropy in stilbene and other organic crystal scintillators is a result of internal effects due to the molecular or crystal structure and not an external effect on the measurement system.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2016.11.016},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = ,
volume = 859,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {11}
}