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Title: Electromagnetic pulse excitation of finite- and infinitely-long lossy conductors over a lossy ground plane

This study details a model for the response of a finite- or an infinite-length wire interacting with a conducting ground to an electromagnetic pulse excitation. We develop a frequency–domain method based on transmission line theory that we name ATLOG – Analytic Transmission Line Over Ground. This method is developed as an alternative to full-wave methods, as it delivers a fast and reliable solution. It allows for the treatment of finite or infinite lossy, coated wires, and lossy grounds. The cases of wire above ground, as well as resting on the ground and buried beneath the ground are treated. The reported method is general and the time response of the induced current is obtained using an inverse Fourier transform of the current in the frequency domain. The focus is on the characteristics and propagation of the transmission line mode. Comparisons with full-wave simulations strengthen the validity of the proposed method.
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  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0920-5071; 647352
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0920-5071
Taylor & Francis
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
25 ENERGY STORAGE; transmission line theory; EMP excitation; finite/infinite wires over conducting grounds; lossy metals
OSTI Identifier: