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Title: Modeling the measured effect of a nitroplasticizer (BDNPA/F) on cookoff of a plastic bonded explosive (PBX 9501)

Here, we have used a modified version of the Sandia Instrumented Thermal Ignition (SITI) experiment to develop a pressure-dependent, five-step ignition model for a plastic bonded explosive (PBX 9501) consisting of 95 wt% octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazoncine (HMX), 2.5 wt% Estane® 5703 (a polyurethane thermoplastic), and 2.5 wt% of a nitroplasticizer (NP): BDNPA/F, a 50/50 wt% eutectic mixture bis(2,2-dinitropropyl)-acetal (BDNPA) and bis(2,2-dinitropropyl)-formal (BDNPF). The five steps include desorption of water, decomposition of the NP to form NO2, reaction of the NO2 with Estane® and HMX, and decomposition of HMX. The model was fit using our experiments and successfully validated with experiments from five other laboratories with scales ranging from about 2 g to more than 2.5 kg of PBX. Our experimental variables included density, confinement, free gas volume, and temperature. We measured internal temperatures, confinement pressure, and ignition time. In some of our experiments, we used a borescope to visually observe the decomposing PBX. Our observations included the endothermic β–δ phase change of the HMX, a small exothermic temperature excursion in low-density unconfined experiments, and runaway ignition. We hypothesize that the temperature excursion in these low density experiments was associated with the NP decomposing exothermically within the PBX sample. This reactant-limited temperature excursionmore » was not observed with our thermocouples in the high-density experiments. For these experiments, we believe the binder diffused to the edges of our high density samples and decomposed next to the highly conductive wall as confirmed by our borescope images.« less
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  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0010-2180; PII: S0010218016302255
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Combustion and Flame
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 173; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0010-2180
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
42 ENGINEERING; 45 MILITARY TECHNOLOGY, WEAPONRY, AND NATIONAL DEFENSE; reaction mechanisms; condensed-phase explosives; numerical simulation; scaled experiments
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1396681