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Title: Performance of a Quintuple-GEM Based RICHDetector Prototype

Cerenkov technology is often the optimal choice for particle identification in high energy particle collision applications. Typically, the most challenging regime is at high pseudorapidity (forward) where particle identification must perform well at high laboratory momenta. For the upcoming electron ion collider (EIC), the physics goals require hadron (π, K, p) identification up to ~50 GeV/c. In this region Cerenkov ring-imaging (RICH) is the most viable solution. The speed of light in a radiator medium is inversely proportional to the refractive index. Hence, for particle identification (PID) reaching out to high momenta a small index of refraction is required. Unfortunately, the lowest indices of refraction also result in the lowest light yield ([(dNγ)/dx] ∝ sin2(θC)) driving up the radiator length and thereby the overall detector cost. In this paper we report on a successful test of a compact RICH detector (1 meter radiator) capable of delivering in excess of 10 photoelectrons per ring with a low index radiator gas (CF4). The detector concept is a natural extension of the PHENIX hadron-blind detector (HBD) achieved by adding focusing capability at low wavelength and adequate gain for high efficiency detection of single-electron induced avalanches. Our results indicate that this technology is indeedmore » a viable choice in the forward direction of the EIC. The setup and results are described within.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-113305-2016-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0018-9499
Grant/Contract Number:
SC00112704
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 62; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0018-9499
Publisher:
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; rich detectors; Cerenkov detectors; gem detectors; micropattern gas chambers; nuclear physics instrumentation; particle detectors; particle measurements; Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider
OSTI Identifier:
1340418

Blatnik, Marie, Dehmelt, Klaus, Deshpande, Abhay, Dixit, Dhruv, Feege, Nils, Hemmick, Thomas K., Lewis, Benki, Purschke, Martin L., Roh, Willilam, Torales-Acosta, Fernando, Videbaek, Thomas, and Zajac, Stephanie. Performance of a Quintuple-GEM Based RICHDetector Prototype. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1109/TNS.2015.2487999.
Blatnik, Marie, Dehmelt, Klaus, Deshpande, Abhay, Dixit, Dhruv, Feege, Nils, Hemmick, Thomas K., Lewis, Benki, Purschke, Martin L., Roh, Willilam, Torales-Acosta, Fernando, Videbaek, Thomas, & Zajac, Stephanie. Performance of a Quintuple-GEM Based RICHDetector Prototype. United States. doi:10.1109/TNS.2015.2487999.
Blatnik, Marie, Dehmelt, Klaus, Deshpande, Abhay, Dixit, Dhruv, Feege, Nils, Hemmick, Thomas K., Lewis, Benki, Purschke, Martin L., Roh, Willilam, Torales-Acosta, Fernando, Videbaek, Thomas, and Zajac, Stephanie. 2015. "Performance of a Quintuple-GEM Based RICHDetector Prototype". United States. doi:10.1109/TNS.2015.2487999. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1340418.
@article{osti_1340418,
title = {Performance of a Quintuple-GEM Based RICHDetector Prototype},
author = {Blatnik, Marie and Dehmelt, Klaus and Deshpande, Abhay and Dixit, Dhruv and Feege, Nils and Hemmick, Thomas K. and Lewis, Benki and Purschke, Martin L. and Roh, Willilam and Torales-Acosta, Fernando and Videbaek, Thomas and Zajac, Stephanie},
abstractNote = {Cerenkov technology is often the optimal choice for particle identification in high energy particle collision applications. Typically, the most challenging regime is at high pseudorapidity (forward) where particle identification must perform well at high laboratory momenta. For the upcoming electron ion collider (EIC), the physics goals require hadron (π, K, p) identification up to ~50 GeV/c. In this region Cerenkov ring-imaging (RICH) is the most viable solution. The speed of light in a radiator medium is inversely proportional to the refractive index. Hence, for particle identification (PID) reaching out to high momenta a small index of refraction is required. Unfortunately, the lowest indices of refraction also result in the lowest light yield ([(dNγ)/dx] ∝ sin2(θC)) driving up the radiator length and thereby the overall detector cost. In this paper we report on a successful test of a compact RICH detector (1 meter radiator) capable of delivering in excess of 10 photoelectrons per ring with a low index radiator gas (CF4). The detector concept is a natural extension of the PHENIX hadron-blind detector (HBD) achieved by adding focusing capability at low wavelength and adequate gain for high efficiency detection of single-electron induced avalanches. Our results indicate that this technology is indeed a viable choice in the forward direction of the EIC. The setup and results are described within.},
doi = {10.1109/TNS.2015.2487999},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science},
number = 6,
volume = 62,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {12}
}