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Title: Monitoring of CoS 2 reactions using high-temperature XRD coupled with gas chromatography (GC)

High-temperature X-ray diffraction with concurrent gas chromatography (GC) was used to study cobalt disulfide cathode pellets disassembled from thermal batteries. When CoS 2 cathode materials were analyzed in an air environment, oxidation of the K(Br, Cl) salt phase in the cathode led to the formation of K 2SO 4 that subsequently reacted with the pyrite-type CoS 2 phase leading to cathode decomposition between ~260 and 450 °C. Here, independent thermal analysis experiments, i.e. simultaneous thermogravimetric analysis/differential scanning calorimetry/mass spectrometry (MS), augmented the diffraction results and support the overall picture of CoS 2 decomposition. Both gas analysis measurements (i.e. GC and MS) from the independent experiments confirmed the formation of SO 2 off-gas species during breakdown of the CoS 2. In contrast, characterization of the same cathode material under inert conditions showed the presence of CoS 2 throughout the entire temperature range of analysis.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND-2017-0302J
Journal ID: ISSN 0885-7156; applab; 650344
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Powder Diffraction
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 02; Journal ID: ISSN 0885-7156
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1340273