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Title: Reactivity of cyclopentadienyl molybdenum compounds towards formic acid: Structural characterization of CpMo(PMe 3)(CO) 2H, CpMo(PMe 3) 2(CO)H, [CpMo(μ-O)(μ-O 2CH)] 2, and [Cp*Mo(μ-O)(μ-O 2CH)] 2

Here, the molecular structures of CpMo(PMe 3)(CO) 2H and CpMo(PMe 3) 2(CO)H have been determined by X-ray diffraction, thereby revealing four-legged piano-stool structures in which the hydride ligand is trans to CO. However, in view of the different nature of the four basal ligands, the geometries of CpMo(PMe 3)(CO) 2H and CpMo(PMe 3) 2(CO)H deviate from that of an idealized four-legged piano stool, such that the two ligands that are orthogonal to the trans H–Mo–CO moiety are displaced towards the hydride ligand. While CpRMo(PMe 3) 3–x(CO) xH (Cp R = Cp, Cp*; x = 1, 2, 3) are catalysts for the release of H 2 from formic acid, the carbonyl derivatives, CpRMo(CO)3H, are also observed to form dinuclear formate compounds, namely, [Cp RMo(μ-O)(μ-O 2CH)] 2. The nature of the Mo···Mo interactions in [CpMo(μ-O)(μ-O 2CH)] 2 and [Cp*Mo(μ-O)(μ-O 2CH)] 2 have been addressed computationally. In this regard, the two highest occupied molecular orbitals of [CpMo(μ-O)(μ-O 2CH)] 2 correspond to metal-based δ* (HOMO) and σ (HOMO–1) orbitals. The σ 2δ *2 configuration thus corresponds to a formal direct Mo–Mo bond order of zero. The preferential occupation of the δ* orbital rather than the δ orbital is a consequence of the interaction ofmore » the latter orbital with p orbitals of the bridging oxo ligands. In essence, lone-pair donation from oxygen increases the electron count so that the molybdenum centers can achieve an 18-electron configuration without the existence of a Mo–Mo bond, whereas a Mo=Mo double bond is required in the absence of lone-pair donation.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-93ER14339
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Inorganic Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0020-1669
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1340022
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1425494