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Title: Insulating nanomagnets driven by spin torque

Magnetic insulators, such as yttrium iron garnet (Y 3Fe 5O 12), are ideal materials for ultra-low power spintronics applications due to their low energy dissipation and efficient spin current generation and transmission. Recently, it has been realized that spin dynamics can be driven very effectively in micrometer-sized Y 3Fe 5O 12/Pt heterostructures by spin-Hall effects. We demonstrate here the excitation and detection of spin dynamics in Y 3Fe 5O 12/Pt nanowires by spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance. The nanowires defined via electron-beam lithography are fabricated by conventional room temperature sputtering deposition on Gd 3Ga 5O 12 substrates and lift-off. We observe field-like and anti-damping-like torques acting on the magnetization precession, which are due to simultaneous excitation by Oersted fields and spin-Hall torques. The Y 3Fe 5O 12/Pt nanowires are thoroughly examined over a wide frequency and power range. We observe a large change in the resonance field at high microwave powers, which is attributed to a decreasing effective magnetization due to microwave absorption. By comparing different nanowire widths, the importance of geometrical confinements for magnetization dynamics becomes evident. In conclusion, our results are the first stepping stones toward the realization of integrated magnonic logic devices based on insulators, where nanomagnets play anmore » essential role.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Oakland Univ., Rochester, MI (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Tsinghua Univ. and Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing (China)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nano Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 17; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1530-6984
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; magnetization dynamics; platinum; spin-Hall effect; Spin-torque ferromagnetic resonance; spin-transfer torque; yttrium iron garnet
OSTI Identifier: