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Title: In situ high-energy X-ray diffraction study of tensile deformation of neutron-irradiated polycrystalline Fe-9%Cr alloy

The effect of neutron irradiation on tensile deformation of a Fe-9wt.%Cr alloy was investigated using in situ high-energy synchrotron X-ray diffraction during room-temperature uniaxial tensile tests. New insights into the deformation mechanisms were obtained through the measurements of lattice strain evolution and the analysis of diffraction peak broadening using the modified Williamson-Hall method. Two neutron-irradiated specimens, one irradiated at 300 °C to 0.01 dpa and the other at 450 °C to 0.01dpa, were tested along with an unirradiated specimen. The macroscopic stress–strain curves of the irradiated specimens showed increased strength, reduced ductility and work-hardening exponent compared to the unirradiated specimen. The evolutions of the lattice strain, the dislocation density and the coherent scattering domain size in the deformation process revealed different roles of the submicroscopic defects in the 300°C/0.01 dpa specimen and the TEM-visible nanometer-sized dislocation loops in the 450°C/0.01 dpa specimen: submicroscopic defects extended the linear work hardening stage (stage II) to a higher strain, while irradiation-induced dislocation loops were more effective in dislocation pinning. Lastly, while the work hardening rate of stage II was unaffected by irradiation, significant dynamic recovery in stage III in the irradiated specimens led to the early onset of necking without stage IV asmore » observed in the unirradiated specimen.« less
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
  2. Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)
  3. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Acta Materialia
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 126; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6454
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) - Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies (NEET)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; neutron irradiation; in situ X-ray diffraction; tensile deformation; work hardening stages
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1397787