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Title: Effects of heat treatments on microstructure and properties of Ti-6Al-4V ELI alloy fabricated by electron beam melting (EBM)

Electron beam melting (EBM) is a metal powder bed fusion additive manufacturing (AM) technology that is used to fabricate three-dimensional near-net-shaped parts directly from computer models. Ti-6Al-4V is the most widely used and studied alloy for this technology and is the focus of this work in its ELI (Extra Low Interstitial) variation. The mechanisms of microstructure formation, evolution, and its subsequent influence on mechanical properties of the alloy in as-fabricated condition have been documented by various researchers. In the present work, the thermal history resulting in the formation of the as-fabricated microstructure was analyzed and studied by a thermal simulation. Subsequently different heat treatments were performed based on three approaches in order to study the effects of heat treatments on the singular and exclusive microstructure formed during the EBM fabrication process. In the first approach, the effect of cooling rate after the solutionizing process was studied. In the second approach, the variation of α lath thickness during annealing treatment and correlation with mechanical properties was established. In the last approach, several solutionizing and aging experiments were conducted.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Worcester Polytechnic Inst., Worcester, MA (United States). Integrative Materials Design Center
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science & Technology Division; Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Manufacturing Demonstration Facility
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Materials Science and Engineering. A, Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 685; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0921-5093
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Manufacturing Demonstration Facility (MDF)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Advanced Manufacturing Office (EE-5A)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Additive manufacturing; Electron beam melting; Ti-6Al-4V; Microstructure evolution; Mechanical characterization; Heat treatment
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1412564