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Title: F -state quenching with CH 4 for buffer-gas cooled 171 Y b + frequency standard [Methane (CH4) for quenching the F-state in trapped Yb+ ions].

We report that methane, CH 4, can be used as an efficient F-state quenching gas for trapped ytterbium ions. The quenching rate coefficient is measured to be (2.8 ± 0.3) × 10 6 s -1 Torr -1. For applications that use microwave hyperfine transitions of the ground-state 171Y b ions, the CH4 induced frequency shift coefficient and the decoherence rate coefficient are measured as δν/ν = (-3.6 ± 0.1) × 10 -6 Torr -1 and 1/T2 = (1.5 ± 0.2) × 10 5 s -1 Torr -1. In our buffer-gas cooled 171Y b+ microwave clock system, we find that only ≤10 -8 Torr of CH 4 is required under normal operating conditions to efficiently clear the F-state and maintain ≥85% of trapped ions in the ground state with insignificant pressure shift and collisional decoherence of the clock resonance.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND-2015-5204J
Journal ID: ISSN 2158-3226; 594436
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
AIP Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 2158-3226
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA); USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; Ground states; Clocks; Microwaves; Hyperfine structure; Methane
OSTI Identifier:
1339264