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Title: High-throughput continuous flow synthesis of nickel nanoparticles for the catalytic hydrodeoxygenation of guaiacol

The translation of batch chemistries to high-throughput continuous flow methods dresses scaling, automation, and reproducibility concerns associated with the implementation of colloidally prepared nanoparticle (NP) catalysts for industrial catalytic processes. Nickel NPs were synthesized by the high-temperature amine reduction of a Ni2+ precursor using a continuous millifluidic (mF) flow method, achieving yields greater than 60%. The resulting Ni NP catalysts were compared against catalysts prepared in a batch reaction under conditions analogous to the continuous flow conditions with respect to total reaction volume, time, and temperature and by traditional incipient wetness (IW) impregnation for the hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of guaiacol under ex situ catalytic fast pyrolysis conditions. Compared to the IW method, the colloidally prepared NPs displayed increased morphological control and narrowed size distributions, and the NPs prepared by both methods showed similar size, shape, and crystallinity. The Ni NP catalyst synthesized by the continuous flow method exhibited similar H-adsorption site densities, site-time yields, and selectivities towards deoxygenated products as compared to the analogous batch reaction, and outperformed the IW catalyst with respect to higher selectivity to lower oxygen content products and a 6.9-fold slower deactivation rate. These results demonstrate the utility of synthesizing colloidal Ni NP catalysts using continuous flowmore » methods while maintaining the catalytic properties displayed by the batch equivalent. Finally, this methodology can be extended to other catalytically relevant base metals for the high-throughput synthesis of metal NPs for the catalytic production of biofuels.« less
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  1. Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  2. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2168-0485
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2168-0485
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
Country of Publication:
United States
09 BIOMASS FUELS; ex-situ catalytic fast pyrolysis; hydrodeoxygenation; lignin model compound; microreactor; millifluidics; nickel nanoparticles
OSTI Identifier: