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Title: Performance of the Versatile Array of Neutron Detectors at Low Energy (VANDLE)

Abstract

The Versatile Array of Neutron Detectors at Low Energy (VANDLE) is a new, highly efficient plastic-scintillator array constructed for decay and transfer reaction experimental setups that require neutron detection. The versatile and modular design allows for customizable experimental setups including beta-delayed neutron spectroscopy and (d,n) transfer reactions in normal and inverse kinematics. The neutron energy and prompt-photon discrimination is determined through the time of flight technique. Fully digital data acquisition electronics and integrated triggering logic enables some VANDLE modules to achieve an intrinsic efficiency over 70% for 300-keV neutrons, measured through two different methods. A custom Geant4 simulation models aspects of the detector array and the experimental setups to determine efficiency and detector response. Lastly, a low detection threshold, due to the trigger logic and digitizing data acquisition, allowed us to measure the light-yield response curve from elastically scattered carbon nuclei inside the scintillating plastic from incident neutrons with kinetic energies below 2 MeV.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [3];  [3];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [3];  [8];  [9];  [3];  [10];  [11];  [10];  [11];  [8];  [10];  [6] more »;  [9];  [10];  [12];  [2];  [10];  [2];  [13];  [3];  [2] « less
  1. Oak Ridge Associated Univ., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)
  3. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  4. Oak Ridge Associated Univ., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  5. Univ. of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  6. Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States)
  7. Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  8. Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (United States)
  9. Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)
  10. Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States)
  11. Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States); Univ. of Wisconsin, La Crosse, WI (United States)
  12. Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States); Univ. of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN (United States)
  13. Oak Ridge Associated Univ., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge Associated Univ., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States); Rutgers Univ., New Brunswick, NJ (United States); Univ. of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN (United States); Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (United States); Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Univ. of Wisconsin, La Crosse, WI (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1338835
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1344245; OSTI ID: 1397738
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG52-08NA28552; FG52-09NA29455; NA0002132; FG02-96ER40955; AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 836; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; neutron detection; plastic scintillator array; carbon-nuclei light response; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Peters, W. A., Ilyushkin, S., Madurga, M., Matei, C., Paulauskas, S. V., Grzywacz, R. K., Bardayan, D. W., Brune, C. R., Allen, J., Allen, J. M., Bergstrom, Z., Blackmon, J., Brewer, N. T., Cizewski, J. A., Copp, P., Howard, M. E., Ikeyama, R., Kozub, R. L., Manning, B., Massey, T. N., Matos, M., Merino, E., O'Malley, P. D., Raiola, F., Reingold, C. S., Sarazin, F., Spassova, I., Taylor, S., and Walter, D. Performance of the Versatile Array of Neutron Detectors at Low Energy (VANDLE). United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2016.08.054.
Peters, W. A., Ilyushkin, S., Madurga, M., Matei, C., Paulauskas, S. V., Grzywacz, R. K., Bardayan, D. W., Brune, C. R., Allen, J., Allen, J. M., Bergstrom, Z., Blackmon, J., Brewer, N. T., Cizewski, J. A., Copp, P., Howard, M. E., Ikeyama, R., Kozub, R. L., Manning, B., Massey, T. N., Matos, M., Merino, E., O'Malley, P. D., Raiola, F., Reingold, C. S., Sarazin, F., Spassova, I., Taylor, S., & Walter, D. Performance of the Versatile Array of Neutron Detectors at Low Energy (VANDLE). United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2016.08.054.
Peters, W. A., Ilyushkin, S., Madurga, M., Matei, C., Paulauskas, S. V., Grzywacz, R. K., Bardayan, D. W., Brune, C. R., Allen, J., Allen, J. M., Bergstrom, Z., Blackmon, J., Brewer, N. T., Cizewski, J. A., Copp, P., Howard, M. E., Ikeyama, R., Kozub, R. L., Manning, B., Massey, T. N., Matos, M., Merino, E., O'Malley, P. D., Raiola, F., Reingold, C. S., Sarazin, F., Spassova, I., Taylor, S., and Walter, D. Fri . "Performance of the Versatile Array of Neutron Detectors at Low Energy (VANDLE)". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2016.08.054. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1338835.
@article{osti_1338835,
title = {Performance of the Versatile Array of Neutron Detectors at Low Energy (VANDLE)},
author = {Peters, W. A. and Ilyushkin, S. and Madurga, M. and Matei, C. and Paulauskas, S. V. and Grzywacz, R. K. and Bardayan, D. W. and Brune, C. R. and Allen, J. and Allen, J. M. and Bergstrom, Z. and Blackmon, J. and Brewer, N. T. and Cizewski, J. A. and Copp, P. and Howard, M. E. and Ikeyama, R. and Kozub, R. L. and Manning, B. and Massey, T. N. and Matos, M. and Merino, E. and O'Malley, P. D. and Raiola, F. and Reingold, C. S. and Sarazin, F. and Spassova, I. and Taylor, S. and Walter, D.},
abstractNote = {The Versatile Array of Neutron Detectors at Low Energy (VANDLE) is a new, highly efficient plastic-scintillator array constructed for decay and transfer reaction experimental setups that require neutron detection. The versatile and modular design allows for customizable experimental setups including beta-delayed neutron spectroscopy and (d,n) transfer reactions in normal and inverse kinematics. The neutron energy and prompt-photon discrimination is determined through the time of flight technique. Fully digital data acquisition electronics and integrated triggering logic enables some VANDLE modules to achieve an intrinsic efficiency over 70% for 300-keV neutrons, measured through two different methods. A custom Geant4 simulation models aspects of the detector array and the experimental setups to determine efficiency and detector response. Lastly, a low detection threshold, due to the trigger logic and digitizing data acquisition, allowed us to measure the light-yield response curve from elastically scattered carbon nuclei inside the scintillating plastic from incident neutrons with kinetic energies below 2 MeV.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2016.08.054},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = C,
volume = 836,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {8}
}

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