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Title: Reactions of Atomic Carbon with Butene Isomers: Implications for Molecular Growth in Carbon-Rich Environments

We carried out the product detection studies of C( 3P) atom reactions with butene (C 4H 8) isomers (but-1-ene, cis-but-2-ene, trans-but-2-ene) in a flow tube reactor at 353 K and 4 Torr under multiple collision conditions. Ground state carbon atoms are generated by 248 nm laser photolysis of tetrabromomethane, CBr 4, in a buffer of helium. Thermalized reaction products are detected using synchrotron tunable VUV photoionization and time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The temporal profiles of the detected ions are used to discriminate products from side or secondary reactions. Furthermore, for the C( 3P) + trans-but-2-ene and C( 3P) + cis-but-2-ene reactions, various isomers of C 4H 5 and C 5H 7 are identified as reaction products formed via CH 3 and H elimination. Assuming equal ionization cross sections for all C 4H 5 and C 5H 7 isomers, C 4H 5:C 5H 7 branching ratios of 0.63:1 and 0.60:1 are derived for the C( 3P) + trans-but-2-ene and the C( 3P) + cis-but-2-ene reactions, respectively. For the C( 3P) + but-1-ene reaction, two reaction channels are observed: the H-elimination channel, leading to the formation of the ethylpropargyl isomer, and the C 3H 3 + C 2H 5 channel. Assuming equal ionizationmore » cross sections for ethylpropargyl and C 3H 3 radicals, a branching ratio of 1:0.95 for the C 3H 3 + C 2H 5 and H + ethylpropargyl channels is derived. Finally, the experimental results are compared to previous H atom branching ratios and used to propose the most likely mechanisms for the reaction of ground state carbon atoms with butene isomers.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Rennes, Cedex (France). Inst. of Physics at Rennes
  2. West Virginia Univ., Morgantown, WV (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  3. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States). Combustion Research Facility
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1089-5639; 649570
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000; AC02-05CH11231
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. A, Molecules, Spectroscopy, Kinetics, Environment, and General Theory
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 46; Journal ID: ISSN 1089-5639
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: